Spring Cloud Alibaba Nacos Discovery 实战

Nacos 作为服务注册中心,可以快速简单的将服务自动注册到 Nacos 服务端,并且能够动态无感知的刷新某个服务实例的服务列表,为分布式系统提供服务注册与发现功能

一、创建服务

1、创建项目

pom.xml 中添加 nacos 支持

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-alibaba-nacos-discovery</artifactId>
    <version>0.9.0.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>

bootstrap.properties 加入 nacos 参数

server.port=8080
spring.application.name=service-provider
spring.cloud.nacos.discovery.server-addr=127.0.0.1:8848
#如果不想 Nacos 注册和发现当前服务,可设置为false
spring.cloud.nacos.discovery=true

spring.cloud.nacos.discovery.server-addr :为 nacos 的服务器地址 : 端口,80端口不可省略

通过 Spring Cloud 原生注解 @EnableDiscoveryClient 开启服务注册发现功能:

package com.ichochy.nacos;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.discovery.EnableDiscoveryClient;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.LoadBalanced;
import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.EnableFeignClients;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableDiscoveryClient
public class NacosApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(NacosApplication.class, args);
    }

}

2、编写服务

package com.ichochy.nacos.service;

import com.ichochy.nacos.service.ServiceInterface;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/service")
public class EchoService {

    @RequestMapping("echo/{name}")
    public String echo(@PathVariable String name){
        System.out.println("##############");
        return "Hello Nacos Discovery "+name;
    }
}

3、查看服务

启动项目,可以在 Nacos 的服务列表中查看到当前服务

访问地址: http://127.0.0.1:8080/service/echo/ichochy

二、调用服务

1、创建项目

创建项目和服务方项目相同, server.portspring.application.name 设置为不同

构建 RestTemplate@LoadBalanced 开启负载均衡

package com.ichochy.nacos;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.discovery.EnableDiscoveryClient;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.LoadBalanced;
import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.EnableFeignClients;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableDiscoveryClient
public class NacosApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(NacosApplication.class, args);
    }

    @Bean
    @LoadBalanced
    RestTemplate restTemplate(){
        return new RestTemplate();
    }

}

2、编写远程服务调用

package com.ichochy.nacos.controller;

import com.ichochy.nacos.service.ServiceInterface;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/result")
public class ResultController {
    @Autowired
    private RestTemplate restTemplate;

    @RequestMapping("restTemplate/{name}")
    public String restTemplate(@PathVariable String name){
        String url = "http://service-provider/service/echo/";
        return restTemplate.getForObject(url+name,String.class);
    }
}

注:通过 RestTemplate 远程调用服务,远程调用地址为服务方项目名+请求路径

spring.application.name=service-provider

3、远程调用

启动项目,测试服务调用

访问地址: http://127.0.0.1:8080/result/restTemplate/ichochy

三、优化调用,使用 FeignClient

pom.xml 中添加 FeignClient 支持

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-openfeign</artifactId>
    <version>2.1.3.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>

1、通过 Spring Cloud 原生注解 @EnableFeignClients 开启

package com.ichochy.nacos;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.discovery.EnableDiscoveryClient;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.LoadBalanced;
import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.EnableFeignClients;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableDiscoveryClient
@EnableFeignClients
public class NacosApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(NacosApplication.class, args);
    }

}

2、编写远程服务调用接口

package com.ichochy.nacos.service;

import org.springframework.cloud.openfeign.FeignClient;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

@FeignClient(value = "service-provider")
public interface ServiceInterface {

    @RequestMapping("/service/echo/{name}")
    public String echo(@PathVariable String name);

}

3、远程调用服务

package com.ichochy.nacos.controller;

import com.ichochy.nacos.service.ServiceInterface;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/result")
public class ResultController {

    @Autowired
    private ServiceInterface serviceInterface;

    @RequestMapping("feignClient/{name}")
    public String feignClient(@PathVariable String name){
        return serviceInterface.echo(name);
    }

}

访问地址: http://127.0.0.1:8080/result/feignClient/ichochy

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