以太坊-公钥私钥地址转换基础

以太坊geth 公私钥地址签名转换基础

以太坊中使用的椭圆曲线是S256,私钥和HASH都为32位,公钥为65位其中第一位是压缩字节0x04,压缩公钥为33字节,地址是是公钥的后64位hash后取后20个字节作为地址。签名数据为65位,R,S各32位,65位为0和1.

生成私钥

//生成私钥
    key, err := crypto.GenerateKey()
    if err != nil {
        t.Fatalf("failed GenerateKey with %s.", err)
    }
//不含0x的私钥
    fmt.Println("private key no 0x \n", hex.EncodeToString(crypto.FromECDSA(key)))
private key no 0x
 b1fb9a42d8478cf19bbc1cb4e75625ced1728c8de8691845f546b2ad84a7d379

私钥存储

//本地生成privatekey文件,保存私钥
    if err := crypto.SaveECDSA("privatekey", key); err != nil {
        log.Error(fmt.Sprintf("Failed to persist node key: %v", err))
    }
b1fb9a42d8478cf19bbc1cb4e75625ced1728c8de8691845f546b2ad84a7d379

公钥16进制打印

fmt.Println("public key no 0x \n", hex.EncodeToString(crypto.FromECDSAPub(&key.PublicKey)))
public key no 0x
 0425b775a01b5df335cd71170f6a16d8b43704e68b8eb87a8e6ebfd3deafbfc1151d76bbe078002ffb7caaca06441b1c3976c3ca3b1e1fda9cf0f4591d799758e4

字符串转私钥和地址

//由私钥字符串转换私钥和地址
    //由私钥字符串转换私钥
    acc1Key, _ := crypto.HexToECDSA("8a1f9a8f95be41cd7ccb6168179afb4504aefe388d1e14474d32c45c72ce7b7a")
    address1 := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(acc1Key.PublicKey)
    fmt.Println("address ", address1.String())

    dummyAddr := common.HexToAddress("9b2055d370f73ec7d8a03e965129118dc8f5bf83")
    fmt.Println("dummyAddr",dummyAddr.String())
address  0x703c4b2bD70c169f5717101CaeE543299Fc946C7
dummyAddr 0x9B2055d370F73eC7d8a03E965129118dC8F5bf83

字节转HASH和地址

//字节转地址
    addr3      := common.BytesToAddress([]byte("ethereum"))
    fmt.Println("address ",addr3.String())

    //字节转hash
    hash1 := common.BytesToHash([]byte("topic1"))
    fmt.Println("hash ",hash1.String())
address  0x000000000000000000000000657468657265756D
hash  0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000746f70696331

签名和摘要推出公钥

var testAddrHex = "970e8128ab834e8eac17ab8e3812f010678cf791"
    var testPrivHex = "289c2857d4598e37fb9647507e47a309d6133539bf21a8b9cb6df88fd5232032"
    key1, _ := crypto.HexToECDSA(testPrivHex)
    addrtest := common.HexToAddress(testAddrHex)

    msg := crypto.Keccak256([]byte("foo"))
    sig, err := crypto.Sign(msg, key1)
    //推出公钥字节
    recoveredPub, err := crypto.Ecrecover(msg, sig)
    //字节转 公钥
    pubKey, _ := crypto.UnmarshalPubkey(recoveredPub)
    recoveredAddr := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(*pubKey)

    // 摘要和签名推出公钥
    recoveredPub2, _ := crypto.SigToPub(msg, sig)
    recoveredAddr2 := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(*recoveredPub2)

    fmt.Println("addrtest ",addrtest.String())
    fmt.Println("recoveredAddr ",recoveredAddr.String())
    fmt.Println("recoveredAddr2 ",recoveredAddr2.String())
addrtest  0x970E8128AB834E8EAC17Ab8E3812F010678CF791
recoveredAddr  0x970E8128AB834E8EAC17Ab8E3812F010678CF791
recoveredAddr2  0x970E8128AB834E8EAC17Ab8E3812F010678CF791

压缩公钥

//压缩公钥为33字节
compressed := CompressPubkey(key)
// 解压缩33字节数据为公钥
DecompressPubkey

完整代码

在以太坊顶级目录新建test目录,新建file_test.go文件,拷贝代码即可运行

package test

import (
    "encoding/hex"
    "fmt"
    "github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/common"
    "github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/common/hexutil"
    "github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/crypto"
    "github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/log"
    "testing"
)

func TestGenerateKey(t *testing.T) {
    key, err := crypto.GenerateKey()
    if err != nil {
        t.Fatalf("failed GenerateKey with %s.", err)
    }

    fmt.Println("private key have 0x   \n", hexutil.Encode(crypto.FromECDSA(key)))
    fmt.Println("private key no 0x \n", hex.EncodeToString(crypto.FromECDSA(key)))

    if err := crypto.SaveECDSA("privatekey", key); err != nil {
        log.Error(fmt.Sprintf("Failed to persist node key: %v", err))
    }

    fmt.Println("public key have 0x   \n", hexutil.Encode(crypto.FromECDSAPub(&key.PublicKey)))
    fmt.Println("public key no 0x \n", hex.EncodeToString(crypto.FromECDSAPub(&key.PublicKey)))

    //由私钥字符串转换私钥
    acc1Key, _ := crypto.HexToECDSA("8a1f9a8f95be41cd7ccb6168179afb4504aefe388d1e14474d32c45c72ce7b7a")
    address1 := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(acc1Key.PublicKey)
    fmt.Println("address ", address1.String())

    dummyAddr := common.HexToAddress("9b2055d370f73ec7d8a03e965129118dc8f5bf83")
    fmt.Println("dummyAddr",dummyAddr.String())

    //字节转地址
    addr3      := common.BytesToAddress([]byte("ethereum"))
    fmt.Println("address ",addr3.String())

    //字节转hash
    hash1 := common.BytesToHash([]byte("topic1"))
    fmt.Println("hash ",hash1.String())


    var testAddrHex = "970e8128ab834e8eac17ab8e3812f010678cf791"
    var testPrivHex = "289c2857d4598e37fb9647507e47a309d6133539bf21a8b9cb6df88fd5232032"
    key1, _ := crypto.HexToECDSA(testPrivHex)
    addrtest := common.HexToAddress(testAddrHex)

    msg := crypto.Keccak256([]byte("foo"))
    sig, err := crypto.Sign(msg, key1)
    recoveredPub, err := crypto.Ecrecover(msg, sig)
    pubKey, _ := crypto.UnmarshalPubkey(recoveredPub)
    recoveredAddr := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(*pubKey)

    // should be equal to SigToPub
    recoveredPub2, _ := crypto.SigToPub(msg, sig)
    recoveredAddr2 := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(*recoveredPub2)

    fmt.Println("addrtest ",addrtest.String())
    fmt.Println("recoveredAddr ",recoveredAddr.String())
    fmt.Println("recoveredAddr2 ",recoveredAddr2.String())
}

以太坊中使用的椭圆曲线是S256,私钥和HASH都为32位,公钥为65位其中第一位是压缩字节0x04,压缩公钥为33字节,地址是是公钥的后64位hash后取后20个字节作为地址。签名数据为65位,R,S各32位,65位为0和1.

生成私钥

//生成私钥
    key, err := crypto.GenerateKey()
    if err != nil {
        t.Fatalf("failed GenerateKey with %s.", err)
    }
//不含0x的私钥
    fmt.Println("private key no 0x \n", hex.EncodeToString(crypto.FromECDSA(key)))
private key no 0x
 b1fb9a42d8478cf19bbc1cb4e75625ced1728c8de8691845f546b2ad84a7d379

私钥存储

//本地生成privatekey文件,保存私钥
    if err := crypto.SaveECDSA("privatekey", key); err != nil {
        log.Error(fmt.Sprintf("Failed to persist node key: %v", err))
    }
b1fb9a42d8478cf19bbc1cb4e75625ced1728c8de8691845f546b2ad84a7d379

公钥16进制打印

fmt.Println("public key no 0x \n", hex.EncodeToString(crypto.FromECDSAPub(&key.PublicKey)))
public key no 0x
 0425b775a01b5df335cd71170f6a16d8b43704e68b8eb87a8e6ebfd3deafbfc1151d76bbe078002ffb7caaca06441b1c3976c3ca3b1e1fda9cf0f4591d799758e4

字符串转私钥和地址

//由私钥字符串转换私钥和地址
    //由私钥字符串转换私钥
    acc1Key, _ := crypto.HexToECDSA("8a1f9a8f95be41cd7ccb6168179afb4504aefe388d1e14474d32c45c72ce7b7a")
    address1 := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(acc1Key.PublicKey)
    fmt.Println("address ", address1.String())

    dummyAddr := common.HexToAddress("9b2055d370f73ec7d8a03e965129118dc8f5bf83")
    fmt.Println("dummyAddr",dummyAddr.String())
address  0x703c4b2bD70c169f5717101CaeE543299Fc946C7
dummyAddr 0x9B2055d370F73eC7d8a03E965129118dC8F5bf83

字节转HASH和地址

//字节转地址
    addr3      := common.BytesToAddress([]byte("ethereum"))
    fmt.Println("address ",addr3.String())

    //字节转hash
    hash1 := common.BytesToHash([]byte("topic1"))
    fmt.Println("hash ",hash1.String())
address  0x000000000000000000000000657468657265756D
hash  0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000746f70696331

签名和摘要推出公钥

var testAddrHex = "970e8128ab834e8eac17ab8e3812f010678cf791"
    var testPrivHex = "289c2857d4598e37fb9647507e47a309d6133539bf21a8b9cb6df88fd5232032"
    key1, _ := crypto.HexToECDSA(testPrivHex)
    addrtest := common.HexToAddress(testAddrHex)

    msg := crypto.Keccak256([]byte("foo"))
    sig, err := crypto.Sign(msg, key1)
    //推出公钥字节
    recoveredPub, err := crypto.Ecrecover(msg, sig)
    //字节转 公钥
    pubKey, _ := crypto.UnmarshalPubkey(recoveredPub)
    recoveredAddr := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(*pubKey)

    // 摘要和签名推出公钥
    recoveredPub2, _ := crypto.SigToPub(msg, sig)
    recoveredAddr2 := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(*recoveredPub2)

    fmt.Println("addrtest ",addrtest.String())
    fmt.Println("recoveredAddr ",recoveredAddr.String())
    fmt.Println("recoveredAddr2 ",recoveredAddr2.String())
addrtest  0x970E8128AB834E8EAC17Ab8E3812F010678CF791
recoveredAddr  0x970E8128AB834E8EAC17Ab8E3812F010678CF791
recoveredAddr2  0x970E8128AB834E8EAC17Ab8E3812F010678CF791

压缩公钥

//压缩公钥为33字节
compressed := CompressPubkey(key)
// 解压缩33字节数据为公钥
DecompressPubkey

完整代码

在以太坊顶级目录新建test目录,新建file_test.go文件,拷贝代码即可运行

package test

import (
    "encoding/hex"
    "fmt"
    "github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/common"
    "github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/common/hexutil"
    "github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/crypto"
    "github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/log"
    "testing"
)

func TestGenerateKey(t *testing.T) {
    key, err := crypto.GenerateKey()
    if err != nil {
        t.Fatalf("failed GenerateKey with %s.", err)
    }

    fmt.Println("private key have 0x   \n", hexutil.Encode(crypto.FromECDSA(key)))
    fmt.Println("private key no 0x \n", hex.EncodeToString(crypto.FromECDSA(key)))

    if err := crypto.SaveECDSA("privatekey", key); err != nil {
        log.Error(fmt.Sprintf("Failed to persist node key: %v", err))
    }

    fmt.Println("public key have 0x   \n", hexutil.Encode(crypto.FromECDSAPub(&key.PublicKey)))
    fmt.Println("public key no 0x \n", hex.EncodeToString(crypto.FromECDSAPub(&key.PublicKey)))

    //由私钥字符串转换私钥
    acc1Key, _ := crypto.HexToECDSA("8a1f9a8f95be41cd7ccb6168179afb4504aefe388d1e14474d32c45c72ce7b7a")
    address1 := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(acc1Key.PublicKey)
    fmt.Println("address ", address1.String())

    dummyAddr := common.HexToAddress("9b2055d370f73ec7d8a03e965129118dc8f5bf83")
    fmt.Println("dummyAddr",dummyAddr.String())

    //字节转地址
    addr3      := common.BytesToAddress([]byte("ethereum"))
    fmt.Println("address ",addr3.String())

    //字节转hash
    hash1 := common.BytesToHash([]byte("topic1"))
    fmt.Println("hash ",hash1.String())

    var testAddrHex = "970e8128ab834e8eac17ab8e3812f010678cf791"
    var testPrivHex = "289c2857d4598e37fb9647507e47a309d6133539bf21a8b9cb6df88fd5232032"
    key1, _ := crypto.HexToECDSA(testPrivHex)
    addrtest := common.HexToAddress(testAddrHex)

    msg := crypto.Keccak256([]byte("foo"))
    sig, err := crypto.Sign(msg, key1)
    recoveredPub, err := crypto.Ecrecover(msg, sig)
    pubKey, _ := crypto.UnmarshalPubkey(recoveredPub)
    recoveredAddr := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(*pubKey)

    // should be equal to SigToPub
    recoveredPub2, _ := crypto.SigToPub(msg, sig)
    recoveredAddr2 := crypto.PubkeyToAddress(*recoveredPub2)

    fmt.Println("addrtest ",addrtest.String())
    fmt.Println("recoveredAddr ",recoveredAddr.String())
    fmt.Println("recoveredAddr2 ",recoveredAddr2.String())
}

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  • 发表于 34分钟前
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