Golang常用的中间件使用总结

从接触go到现在大概接近一年时间了吧,主要用它来开发GPU集群管理的client端以及一些小的工具,例如:服务端mock测试、ID生成器等,给我的感觉就是高性能、低消耗、够轻量,所以在目前容器化、微服务化火热的今天,其扮演着重要角色,如:docker、k8s、istio、prometheus等都是基于go开发,国内很多一线大厂都开始主推go作为他们的服务端开发语言,如:头条、B站、流利说等,其生态也在不断的发展,今天主要将我之前用到过的常用组件和中间件总结分享一下,便于后续快速搭建开发环境。

  1. Gin(github.com/gin-gonic/gin):web开发框架,适合api接口、微服务开发,相较于其他框架(iris、beego)更轻量级和更好的性能。其路由功能很强大提供分组功能,非常适合做api开发,具体demo如下:
route := gin.Default()
    // get method
    route.GET("/testGet", func(c *gin.Context) {
        name := c.Query("name")
        c.String(http.StatusOK, "hello " + name)
    })

    // post method
    route.POST("/testPost", func(c *gin.Context) {
        param := Param{}
        if err := c.BindJSON(¶m); err != nil {
            c.JSON(http.StatusBadRequest, gin.H{
                "code": 1,
                "msg" : "error",
            })
            return
        }
        s := fmt.Sprintf("name:%s, age:%s", param.Name, param.Age)
        c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{
            "code": 0,
            "msg": s,
        })
    })

    // route group
    v1 := route.Group("/v1")
    {
        v1.POST("/getInfo", func(c *gin.Context) {
            name := c.PostForm("name")
            c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"msg": "hello " + name})
        })
    }

    v2 := route.Group("/v2")
    {
        v2.POST("/getInfo", func(c *gin.Context) {
            name := c.PostForm("name")
            age := c.PostForm("age")
            s := fmt.Sprintf("hello %s, i'm %s", name, age)
            c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"msg": s})
        })
    }

    route.Run(":8080")
  1. Mysql(github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql):mysql第三方开源库的实现,提供原生sql功能,喜欢框架的童鞋可以去看看国人写的Gorm,挺不错的一个orm框架(我还是比较习惯写原生sql ^ _ ^ )。
// init
    dataSourceName := fmt.Sprintf("%s:%s@tcp(%s:3306)/iray_proxy?charset=utf8mb4", "root", "root123", "127.0.0.1")
    conn, err := sql.Open("mysql", dataSourceName)
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    db.SetMaxOpenConns(30)
    db.SetMaxIdleConns(10)
    db.SetConnMaxLifetime(10 * time.Minute)
    db.Ping()

    // select
    rows, err1 := conn.Query("select name, age from t_user where age > ? and age < ?", 20, 30)
    defer rows.Close()
    if err1 != nil {
        panic(err1)
    }
    result := make([]map[string] interface{}, 0)
    for rows.Next() {
        var name string
        var age  int

        err1 = rows.Scan(&name, &age)
        if err1 != nil {
            log.Printf("row scan error: %s", err1.Error())
        } else {
            record := make(map[string] interface{}, 1)
            record["name"] = name
            record["age"]  = age
            result = append(result, record)
        }
    }

    // insert
    stmt, err2 := conn.Prepare("insert into t_user (name, age) values (?, ?)")
    if err2 != nil {
        panic(err2)
    }
    rs, err3 := stmt.Exec("jack", 25)
    if err3 != nil {
        log.Printf("insert row error: %s", err3.Error())
    } else {
        rowCount, _ := rs.RowsAffected()
        log.Printf("insert row count: %s", strconv.FormatInt(rowCount, 10))
    }

    // update
    stm1, err4 := conn.Prepare("update t_user set age = ? where name = ?")
    if err4 != nil {
        panic(err4)
    }
    rs1, err5 := stm1.Exec(30, "jack")
    if err5 != nil {
        log.Printf("update row error: %s", err5.Error())
    } else {
        rowCount, _ := rs1.RowsAffected()
        log.Printf("update row count: %s", strconv.FormatInt(rowCount, 10))
    }

    // delete
    rs2, err6 := conn.Exec("delete from t_user where name = ?", "jack")
    if err6 != nil {
        panic(err6)
    }
    rowCount, _ := rs2.RowsAffected()
    log.Printf("delete row count: %s", strconv.FormatInt(rowCount, 10))
  1. Redis(github.com/go-redis/redis):redis客户端的第三方开源库,比较出名两个中的一个,还有个是redigo(github.com/garyburd/redigo/redis),喜欢谁就用谁,我使用的是go-redis,具体操作如下:
// Init
    redisClient := redis.NewClient(&redis.Options{
        Addr:     "127.0.0.1:6379",
        Password: "123456",
        DB:       1,
        PoolSize: 50,
    })

    // Hash
    err := redisClient.HSet("hash_key", "name", "jason statham").Err()
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("hset error: %s", err)
    }
    resp := redisClient.HGet("hash_key", "name").Val()
    log.Printf("hget result: %s", resp)

    // List
    err = redisClient.RPush("list_key", "adam levin").Err()
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("right push error: %s", err)
    }
    rs, err := redisClient.LPop("list_key").Result()
    log.Printf("left pop : %s", rs)

    // Set
    err = redisClient.SAdd("set_key", "harry kane").Err()
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("add error: %s", err)
    }
    resultSet, err := redisClient.SMembers("set_key").Result()
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("smembers error : %s", err)
    } else {
        for i, item := range resultSet {
            log.Printf("smembers item[%s] : %s", strconv.Itoa(i), item)
        }
    }

    // SortSet
    item := redis.Z{Score: float64(time.Now().Unix()), Member: "jet brains"}
    count, err := redisClient.ZAdd("sortset_key", item).Result()
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("zadd error : %s", err)
    } else {
        log.Printf("zadd count : %s", strconv.FormatInt(count, 10))
    }
    results, err := redisClient.ZRangeByScore("sortset_key", redis.ZRangeBy{Max: strconv.FormatInt(time.Now().Unix(), 10)}).Result()
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("zrangeByScore error : %s", err)
    } else {
        for i, item := range results {
            log.Printf("zrangeByScore item[%s] : %s", strconv.Itoa(i), item)
        }
    }
  1. Zookeeper(github.com/samuel/go-zookeeper/zk):分布式协作服务客户端第三方开源库的实现,具体代码如下:
// watch
    option := zk.WithEventCallback(func(event zk.Event) {
        eventType := event.Type.String()
        log.Printf("event name : %s", eventType)
    })
    // acl
    acl := zk.WorldACL(zk.PermAll)
    // root path
    path := "/go/zookeeper"

    conn,_,err := zk.Connect([]string{"127.0.0.1:2181"}, 5 * time.Second, option)
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    // create znode
    _, err = conn.Create(path, []byte("duang"), 0, acl)
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("create znode error : %s", err)
    }

    // set
    _, err = conn.Set(path, []byte("duang duang"), 1)
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("set error : %s", err)
    }

    // get node and set watch
    data, stat, _, _ := conn.GetW(path)
    if data != nil {
        log.Println("zk get response:", string(data), ", stat:", stat.Version)
    }

    // exist znode
    exist, _, _, existErr := conn.ExistsW(path)
    if existErr != nil {
        log.Printf("exist znode error: %s", existErr)
        return
    }
    log.Printf("exist znode response : %s", strconv.FormatBool(exist))

    // watch children
    children, _, _, err := conn.ChildrenW(path)
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("watch children error: %s", err)
    }
    if len(children) > 0 {
        for item := range children {
            log.Printf("watch children : %s", item)
        }
    }
  1. Kafka(github.com/Shopify/sarama):kafka的第三方客户端实现,生产者和消费者实现如下:
// producer
    config := sarama.NewConfig()
    config.Producer.RequiredAcks = sarama.WaitForAll
    config.Producer.Partitioner = sarama.NewRandomPartitioner
    config.Producer.Return.Successes = true

    producer, err := sarama.NewSyncProducer([]string{"127.0.0.1:9092"}, config)
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    defer producer.Close()

    // send msg
    param := make(map[string]string)
    param["name"] = "jack"
    param["sex"] = "male"

    js, err := json.Marshal(param)
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("json err: %s", err.Error())
    } else {
        msg := &sarama.ProducerMessage{}
        msg.Topic = "kafka_test"
        msg.Value = sarama.ByteEncoder(js)

        partition, offset, err := producer.SendMessage(msg)
        if err != nil {
            log.Printf("failed to produce message :%s", err.Error())
        }
        log.Printf("partition:%d, offset: %d", partition, offset)
    }

    // consumer
    var wg sync.WaitGroup
    consumer, err := sarama.NewConsumer([]string{"127.0.0.1:9092"}, nil)
    if err != nil{
        panic(err)
    }
    defer consumer.Close()

    partitionList, err := consumer.Partitions("kafka_test")  // get topic all partitions
    if err != nil{
        log.Println("Failed to get the list of partition: ",err)
        return
    }
    // recieve msg
    for partition := range partitionList{
        pc, err := consumer.ConsumePartition("kafka_test", int32(partition), sarama.OffsetNewest)
        if err != nil{
            log.Printf("Failed to start consumer for partition %d: %s", partition, err)
            return
        }
        wg.Add(1)
        go func(sarama.PartitionConsumer) {
            for msg := range pc.Messages(){
                log.Printf("Partition:%d, Offset:%d, key:%s, value:%s", msg.Partition, msg.Offset, string(msg.Key),string(msg.Value))
            }
            defer pc.AsyncClose()
            wg.Done()
        }(pc)
    }
    wg.Wait()
  1. ElasticSearch(github.com/olivere/elastic):ES的第三方客户端开源库,主要提供增、删、改、查和搜索的实现。
// init
    esClient, err := elastic.NewClient(
        elastic.SetURL("http://127.0.0.1:9200"),
        elastic.SetScheme("http"),
        // health check
        elastic.SetHealthcheck(true),
        elastic.SetHealthcheckTimeoutStartup(5*time.Second),
        elastic.SetHealthcheckTimeout(2*time.Second),
        elastic.SetHealthcheckInterval(60*time.Second),
        // sniffer
        elastic.SetSniff(true),
        elastic.SetSnifferInterval(15*time.Minute),
        elastic.SetSnifferTimeoutStartup(5*time.Second),
        elastic.SetSnifferTimeout(2*time.Second),
        elastic.SetSendGetBodyAs("GET"),
    )
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    // create
    param := `{"first_name":"jason","last_name":"kid","age":40}`
    resp, err := esClient.Index().
        Index("es_test").
        Type("employee").
        Id("1").
        BodyJson(param).
        Do(context.Background())
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("create error: %s", err)
    } else {
        log.Printf("Indexed tweet %s to index s%s, type %s", resp.Id, resp.Index, resp.Type)
    }

    // update
    res, err := esClient.Update().
        Index("es_test").
        Type("employee").
        Id("1").
        Doc(map[string]interface{}{"age": 88}).
        Do(context.Background())
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("update error: %s", err)
    } else {
        log.Printf("update age %s\n", res.Result)
    }

    // delete
    resDel, err := esClient.Delete().
        Index("es_test").
        Type("employee").
        Id("1").
        Do(context.Background())
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("delete error: %s", err)
    } else {
        log.Printf("delete result %s", resDel.Result)
    }

    // get
    resGet, err := esClient.Get().
        Index("es_test").
        Type("employee").
        Id("1").
        Do(context.Background())
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("get error: %s", err)
    } else if resGet.Found {
        log.Printf("Get document %s in version %d from index %s, type %s", resGet.Id, resGet.Version, resGet.Index, resGet.Type)
    }

    // search
    resQuery, err := esClient.Search("es_test").
        Type("employee").
        Query(elastic.NewQueryStringQuery("first_name:jason")).
        Do(context.Background())
    if err != nil {
        log.Printf("query error: %s", err)
    } else if resQuery.Hits.TotalHits > 0 {
        for _, hit := range resQuery.Hits.Hits {
            b,_ := hit.Source.MarshalJSON()
            log.Printf("employee item : %s ", string(b))
        }
    }
  1. Cron(github.com/robfig/cron):定时任务第三方库,支持克隆表达式,很强大。
c := cron.New()
    c.AddFunc("*/30 * * * * ?", func() {
        // to do something
        log.Println("run task ...")
    })
    c.Start()
我来评几句
登录后评论

已发表评论数()

相关站点

热门文章