Russia bans the sale of devices without Russian software

The bill was created by a "pan-partisan group of legislators," according to Meduza . The aim is ostensibly to give consumers more choice, according to co-author Oleg Nikolayev. "When we buy complex electronic devices, they already have individual applications, mostly Western ones, pre-installed on them," he said. "Naturally... they might think that there are no domestic alternatives available. And if, alongside pre-installed applications, we will also offer the Russian ones to users, then they will have a right to choose."

A mandate to add third-party applications to Apple's ecosystem would be equivalent to jailbreaking. It would pose a security threat, and the company cannot tolerate that kind of risk.

Proponents of the bill also said it would make devices more friendly for elderly users. "Of course, many people can install whatever they want on their smartphones or computers themselves, but more senior individuals may encounter problems, and they need help," said Communist party rep Alexander Yushchenko.

However, critics said that the bill could force major western tech companies like Apple out of the country. "A mandate to add third-party applications to Apple's ecosystem would be equivalent to jailbreaking. It would pose a security threat, and the company cannot tolerate that kind of risk," a source within Apple reportedly told Kommersant . A Russian trade group also said that it's impossible to install Russian app on some devices, which would force certain manufacturers out of the market.

Others see the moves as march towards a surveillance state, with users forced to install apps that may spy on them. Earlier this month, Human Rights Watch called said the internet blocking bill "is bad news for Russia and creates a dangerous precedent for other countries."

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