搭建本地OpenStack源

搭建本地OpenStack源

一、安装系统

配置如下:

Centos 7.6 虚拟机一台

CPU:双核双线程

内存:2G

硬盘:30G系统盘+300G挂载盘

安装桌面-开发工具

关闭防火墙以及核心防护

二、同步OpenStack生产环境源

备份系统自带的yum源

[root@localhost network-scripts]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# mkdir bak
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# mv C* bak/
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# hostnamectl set-hostname opstkyumy
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# su
[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]#

编辑阿里云Centos 7 官方源和OpenStack源

编辑阿里云Centos 7 官方源和Open将相关的repo文件复制到/etc/yum.repos.d/下

CentOS-QEMU-EV.repo

epel.repo

openstack.repo

CentOS-Base.repo

CentOS-Storage-common.repo

nginx.repoStack源

[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]# mkdir /abc
[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]# mount.cifs //192.168.254.1/linuxs /abc
Password for root@//192.168.254.1/linuxs:  
[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]# cp /abc/yum.repos.d/* .
[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]# ls
bak               CentOS-QEMU-EV.repo         epel.repo   openstack.repo
CentOS-Base.repo  CentOS-Storage-common.repo  nginx.repo

检测阿里云源是否正常

[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]# yum repolist

安装相关软件

yum-utils:reposync同步工具

createrepo:编辑yum库工具 做依赖关系用

plugin-priorities:控制yum源更新优先级工具,这个工具可以用来控制进行yum源检索的先后顺序,建议可以用在client端

[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]# yum install -y wget make cmake gcc gcc-c++ pcre-devel zlib-devel openssl openssl-devel createrepo yum-utils

创建源目录,挂载数据盘,将源同步到本地目录

[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]# mkdir /data
[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]# fdisk -l

磁盘 /dev/sdb:322.1 GB, 322122547200 字节,629145600 个扇区
Units = 扇区 of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
扇区大小(逻辑/物理):512 字节 / 512 字节
I/O 大小(最小/最佳):512 字节 / 512 字节

磁盘 /dev/sda:32.2 GB, 32212254720 字节,62914560 个扇区
Units = 扇区 of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
扇区大小(逻辑/物理):512 字节 / 512 字节
I/O 大小(最小/最佳):512 字节 / 512 字节
磁盘标签类型:dos
磁盘标识符:0x0001df55

   设备 Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *        2048     2099199     1048576   83  Linux
/dev/sda2         2099200     6295551     2098176   82  Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda3         6295552    62914559    28309504   83  Linux
[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]# 
[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]# mkfs.xfs /dev/sdb
meta-data=/dev/sdb               isize=512    agcount=4, agsize=19660800 blks
         =                       sectsz=512   attr=2, projid32bit=1
         =                       crc=1        finobt=0, sparse=0
data     =                       bsize=4096   blocks=78643200, imaxpct=25
         =                       sunit=0      swidth=0 blks
naming   =version 2              bsize=4096   ascii-ci=0 ftype=1
log      =internal log           bsize=4096   blocks=38400, version=2
         =                       sectsz=512   sunit=0 blks, lazy-count=1
realtime =none                   extsz=4096   blocks=0, rtextents=0
[root@opstkyumy yum.repos.d]# mount /dev/sdb /data
[root@opstkyumy data]# vim /etc/fstab 
/dev/sdb        /data   xfs     defaults        0       0
[root@opstkyumy data]# mount -a     //也可以重启生效更稳妥
[root@opstkyumy data]# df -Th
文件系统               类型      容量  已用  可用 已用% 挂载点
/dev/sda3              xfs        27G  4.2G   23G   16% /
devtmpfs               devtmpfs  895M     0  895M    0% /dev
tmpfs                  tmpfs     910M     0  910M    0% /dev/shm
tmpfs                  tmpfs     910M   11M  900M    2% /run
tmpfs                  tmpfs     910M     0  910M    0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda1              xfs      1014M  174M  841M   18% /boot
tmpfs                  tmpfs     182M  4.0K  182M    1% /run/user/42
tmpfs                  tmpfs     182M   24K  182M    1% /run/user/0
/dev/sr0               iso9660   4.3G  4.3G     0  100% /run/media/root/CentOS 7 x86_64
//192.168.254.1/linuxs cifs      455G  183G  273G   41% /abc
/dev/sdb               xfs       300G   33M  300G    1% /data

开始同步,将源同步到本地目录,过程较长,耐心等待

可以用 repo -r --repoid=repoid指定要查询的repo id,可以指定多个(# reposync -r base -p /data #这里同步base目录到本地)

更新新的rpm包

reposync -np /data

[root@opstkyumy ~]# reposync -p /data
[root@opstkyumy data]# ls
base            epel    nginx             openstack-rocky  openstack-train
centos-qemu-ev  extras  openstack-queens  openstack-stein  updates
[root@opstkyumy data]# ls base/
Packages    //里面都是RPM包
[root@opstkyumy data]# ls epel/
Packages
[root@opstkyumy data]# ls nginx/
RPMS
[root@opstkyumy data]# ls openstack-rocky/  //里面都是RPM包
[root@opstkyumy data]# ls centos-qemu-ev/
[root@opstkyumy data]# ls extras/
Packages
[root@opstkyumy data]# ls updates/
Packages

三、解决OpenStack软件环境依赖关系

1.创建软件依赖关系库

[root@opstkyumy ~]# createrepo -po /data/base/ /data/base/
[root@opstkyumy ~]# createrepo -po /data/extras/ /data/extras/
[root@opstkyumy ~]# createrepo -po /data/updates/ /data/updates/
[root@opstkyumy ~]# createrepo -po /data/epel/ /data/epel/
[root@opstkyumy ~]# createrepo -po /data/openstack-queens/ /data/openstack-queens/
[root@opstkyumy ~]# createrepo -po /data/openstack-rocky/ /data/openstack-rocky/
[root@opstkyumy ~]# createrepo -po /data/openstack-stein/ /data/openstack-stein/
[root@opstkyumy ~]# createrepo -po /data/openstack-train/ /data/openstack-train/
[root@opstkyumy ~]# createrepo -po /data/centos-qemu-ev /data/centos-qemu-ev/
[root@opstkyumy ~]# createrepo -po /data/nginx /data/nginx

2.更新源数据

[root@localhost ~]# createrepo --update /data/base
[root@localhost ~]# createrepo --update /data/extras
[root@localhost ~]# createrepo --update /data/updates
[root@localhost ~]# createrepo --update /data/epel
[root@localhost ~]# createrepo --update /data/openstack-queens
[root@localhost ~]# createrepo --update /data/openstack-rocky
[root@localhost ~]# createrepo --update /data/openstack-stein
[root@localhost ~]# createrepo --update /data/openstack-train
[root@localhost ~]# createrepo --update /data/centos-qemu-ev
[root@localhost ~]# createrepo --update /data/nginx

3.更新yum脚本

[root@opstkyumy ~]# mkdir /data/script
[root@opstkyumy ~]# vim /data/script/centos_openstack_yum_update.sh
#!/bin/bash
echo 'Updating Aliyum Source'
DATETIME=`date +%F_%T`
exec > /var/log/aliyumrepo_$DATETIME.log
     reposync -np /data
if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
      createrepo --update /data/base
      createrepo --update /data/extras
      createrepo --update /data/updates
      createrepo --update /data/epel
      createrepo --update /data/openstack-queens
      createrepo --update /data/openstack-rocky
      createrepo --update /data/openstack-stein
      createrepo --update /data/openstack-train
      createrepo --update /data/centos-ceph-nautilus
      createrepo --update /data/centos-nfs-ganesha28
      createrepo --update /data/centos-ceph-luminous
      createrepo --update /data/centos-qemu-ev
      createrepo --update /data/nginx
      createrepo --update /data/ceph-noarch
    echo "SUCESS: $DATETIME aliyum_yum update successful"
  else
    echo "ERROR: $DATETIME aliyum_yum update failed"
fi
[root@opstkyumy ~]# chmod +x /data/script/centos_openstack_yum_update.sh

4.将脚本加入到定时任务中

将脚本加入到定时任务中
[root@opstkyumy ~]# crontab -e
00 13 * * 6 [ $(date +%d) -eq $(cal | awk 'NR==3{print $NF}') ] && /bin/bash /data/script/centos_openstack_yum_update.sh

四、发布本地OpenStack-yum源仓库

1.安装nginx开启目录权限保证本地机器可以直接本地yum源

[root@opstkyumy ~]# groupadd nginx
[root@opstkyumy ~]# useradd -r -g nginx -s /bin/false -M nginx
[root@opstkyumy ~]# yum -y install nginx  
[root@opstkyumy ~]# vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 
worker_processes  1;
events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}
http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    sendfile        on;
    keepalive_timeout  65;
    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  opstkyumy;
        root         /data;
        location / {
            autoindex on;
            autoindex_exact_size off;
            autoindex_localtime on;
            charset utf-8,gbk;
            index index.html;
        }
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }
    }
}
[root@opstkyumy nginx]# systemctl start nginx
[root@opstkyumy nginx]# systemctl stop firewalld
[root@opstkyumy nginx]# systemctl disable firewalld
[root@opstkyumy nginx]# setenforce 0
setenforce: SELinux is disabled
[root@opstkyumy nginx]# systemctl enable nginx
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/nginx.servi

五、OpenStack客户端部署本地yum源仓库

配置网卡

[root@localhost ~]# ifconfig

ens33: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.254.40  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.254.255
        inet6 fe80::172f:76ba:bad8:2ef7  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 00:0c:29:8d:1e:35  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 3712  bytes 632590 (617.7 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 176  bytes 15930 (15.5 KiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

[root@localhost ~]# ping 192.168.254.152
PING 192.168.254.152 (192.168.254.152) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 192.168.254.152: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=1.23 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.254.152: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.773 ms

--- 192.168.254.152 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 1002ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.773/1.003/1.234/0.232 ms

搭建私网仓库

[root@localhost ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# ls
bak  local.repo
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# rm -rf local.repo 
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# vim openstack.repo
[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base - data.template.com
baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/base/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
[updates]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates - data.template.com
baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/updates/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0

[extras]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras - datas.template.com
baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/extras/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0

[epel]
name=CentOS-$releasever - epel - datas.template.com
baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/epel/
failovermethod=priority
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0

#[openstack-queens]
#name=openstack-queens
#baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/openstack-queens/
#gpgcheck=0
#enabled=1

#[openstack-rocky]
#name=openstack-rocky
#baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/openstack-rocky/
#gpgcheck=0
#enabled=1

#[openstack-stein]
#name=openstack-stein
#baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/openstack-stein/
#gpgcheck=0
#enabled=1

[openstack-train]
name=openstack-train
baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/openstack-train/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

#[centos-ceph-luminous]
#name=centos-ceph-luminous
#baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/centos-ceph-luminous/
#gpgcheck=0
#enabled=1

#[centos-ceph-nautilus]
#name=centos-ceph-nautilus
#baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/centos-ceph-nautilus/
#gpgcheck=0
#enabled=1

#[centos-nfs-ganesha28]
#name=centos-nfs-ganesha28
#baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/centos-nfs-ganesha28/
#gpgcheck=0
#enabled=1

[centos-qemu-ev]
name=centos-qemu-ev
baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/centos-qemu-ev/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

[nginx]
name=nginx
baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/nginx/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

#[ceph-noarch]
#name=ceph-noarch
#baseurl=http://192.168.254.152/ceph-noarch/
#gpgcheck=0
#enabled=1
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum clean all
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum makecache

测试是否可以下载RPM包

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# cd /opt
[root@localhost opt]# ls
rh
[root@localhost opt]# yumdownloader openstack-swift-account
[root@localhost opt]# ll
总用量 24
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 21264 10月 25 22:27 openstack-swift-account-2.23.1-1.el7.noarch.rpm
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root     6 10月 31 2018 rh

可以正常下载,部署成功

六、配置阿里云时间同步服务、配置NTP服务

配置同步阿里时钟,在本地源配置

[root@opstkyumy data]# yum -y install ntpdate
[root@opstkyumy data]# ntpdate ntp.aliyun.com
19 Feb 23:19:01 ntpdate[54480]: adjust time server 203.107.6.88 offset -0.002603 sec
[root@opstkyumy ~]# crontab -e 
*/30 * * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate ntp.aliyun.com >>/var/log/ntpdate.log
//可以先把时间调小一点,测试是否生效
[root@opstkyumy data]# cd /var/log/
[root@opstkyumy log]# systemctl restart crond
[root@opstkyumy log]# systemctl enable crond
[root@opstkyumy log]# ll | grep "ntp"
-rw-r--r--  1 root   root       84 Feb 19 23:22 ntpdate.log
[root@opstkyumy log]# tail -f /var/log/ntpdate.log
19 Feb 23:22:09 ntpdate[57911]: adjust time server 203.107.6.88 offset 0.005077 sec
19 Feb 23:23:09 ntpdate[59092]: adjust time server 203.107.6.88 offset -0.0019

NTP时钟同步完毕,便开始安装NTP服务,让别人同步自己

[root@opstkyumy log]# yum -y install ntp
[root@opstkyumy log]# vim /etc/ntp.conf
  8 restrict default nomodify notrap 
 17 restrict 192.168.254.0 mask 255.255.255.0 nomodify notrap
 //原有的21-24行删除,加入下面配置
 21 fudeg 127.127.1.0 stratum 10
 22 server 127.127.1.0

NTP设置开机自启然后reboot之后出现没有自启动的bug解决:

通过禁止chronyd服务开启自启动之后再将系统重启

chronyd是linux自带的时间服务

[root@opstkyumy log]# systemctl disable chronyd.service
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/chronyd.service.
[root@opstkyumy log]# systemctl restart ntpd
[root@opstkyumy log]# systemctl enable ntpd
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/ntpd.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/ntpd.service.

部署全部完成

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