Oracle vs. PostgreSQL – A Comment

Hi,

I know, this list is not for this, but I just couldn't resist. Please forgive me.

Being an Oracle DBA for two decades now (back then starting with Oracle 8.0.5) and only doing PostgreSQL since version 10.3, I feel compelled to share some of my experiences with both.

Quick facts:

All installations were performed on the same host except for Oracle Data Guard and Patroni with etcd, which both require at least three nodes, or an odd number >2 respectively) to establish a democracy to determine the master/primary and replica/standby databases. However, all machines have the same hardware and operating system:

OS: openSUSE Leap 15.1 (server setup, not desktop)

CPU: Intel i7-7700T CPU

RAM: 32 GB

Disk Hardware: SSD

Also, Oracle requires 161 additional packages to be installed, many of which are 32-bit packages, for a supposedly 64-bit only software! This results in 150 MB additional disk space needed and swamps the system with 32-bit packages!

PostgreSQL only requires a few packages to be installed depending on the options one chooses to compile the source with. Anyway, none of these packages require a 32-bit version!

Size of installation:

Software:

$ du -sh /data/postgres/12.3 /data/oracle/product/19.6

62M /data/postgres/12.3

8.5G /data/oracle/product/19.6

Databases:

$ du -sh /data/oradb/*

3.3G /data/oradb/cdb01 # Oracle Container w/ 1 PDB

1.8G /data/oradb/sdb01 # Oracle stand alone database

$ du -sh /data/pgdb/sdb01

659M /data/pgdb/sdb01 # PostgreSQL 12.3 database cluster

All databases are a clean setup, no schemas, users, tables, data, etc. Just an empty base.

Installation:

Oracle 19c: ~2h

unzip to ORACLE_HOME

runInstaller

unzip newest OPatch p6880880_200000_Linux-x86-64

apply p30797938_190000_Linux-x86-64 (19.6.1)

PostgreSQL 12.3 compiled from source: ~3m30s

bunzip postgresql-12.3.tar.bz2 to PGHOME

make install-world

Create database:

Oracle:

create stand alone database: ~30m

create container database (cdb$root): ~47m

create pluggable database (pdb): ~26s

Memory to run a database reasonably well:

at least 1 GB SGA for a stand alone database

at least 4 GB SGA for a container database

PostgreSQL:

initdb: <1s

create database: <200ms

Memory: 128 MB db_buffers

Start/stop database:

Oracle:

startup (standard, 1 GB SGA): ~15s

shutdown immediate (standard, 1 GB SGA): ~21s

startup (container, 4 GB SGA): ~16s

shutdown immediate (container, 4 GB SGA): ~23s

PostgreSQL:

pg_ctl start: 0.1s

pg_ctl stop: 0.2s

Other discoveries/experiences:

Oracle:

Set up Data Guard (2 nodes) with observer (3. node): ~4h

Applying a PSU or RU often requires downtime of 60m-90m.

Migrating a major version often requires downtime of 60m-90m.

Migrating a new major version requires a lot of work in advance.

Switching Data Guard takes ~1m.

PostgreSQL:

Set up Patroni (2 nodes) with etcd (3 nodes): ~30m

Applying a new minor version requires downtime of <2s.

Migrating a new major version requires downtime of <20s.

Migrating a new major version requires a few minutes work in advance.

Switching Patroni takes ~1s.

Oracle has some good concepts. I like the conecpt of separate UNDO and TEMP tablespaces and not having to care about vacuuming. Also, I like the idea of global container/cluster-wide views such as CDB_TABLES, etc., a thing which I definitely and seriously miss about PostgreSQL.

What I especially hate about Oracle (despite the license costs, of course) is that it has so many bugs, bugs and even more bugs and one keeps on searching for patches all day, generating lot of downtime. Applying a PSU or RU is mostly not enough.

So bottom line, PostgreSQL beats Oracle by far in my opinion, at least as far as installing it and sizes are concerned.

So, guess what I think is wrong with Oracle after 20 years of working with it...

Sorry for the rant. ;-)

Cheers,

Paul

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