Maste Note for OCR / Vote disk Maintenance Operations (ADD/REMOVE/REPLACE/MOVE)

Doc ID 428681.1

Applies to:

Oracle Database - Enterprise Edition - Version 10.2.0.1 to 11.2.0.1.0 [Release 10.2 to 11.2]

Information in this document applies to any platform.

Goal

The goal of this note is to provide steps to add, remove, replace or move an Oracle Cluster Repository (OCR) and/or Voting Disk in Oracle Clusterware 10gR2, 11gR1 and 11gR2 environment. It will also provide steps to move OCR / voting and ASM devices from raw device to block device. For Oracle Clusterware 12c, please refer to Document 1558920.1 Software Patch Level and 12c Grid Infrastructure OCR Backup/Restore.

This article is intended for DBA and Support Engineers who need to modify, or move OCR and voting disks files, customers who have an existing clustered environment deployed on a storage array and might want to migrate to a new storage array with minimal downtime.

Typically, one would simply cp or dd the files once the new storage has been presented to the hosts. In this case, it is a little more difficult because:

1. The Oracle Clusterware has the OCR and voting disks open and is actively using them. (Both primary and mirrors)

2. There is an API provided for this function (ocrconfig and crsctl), which is the appropriate interface than typical cp and/or dd commands.

It is highly recommended to take a backup of the voting disk, and OCR device before making any changes.

Note: while the OCR and Voting disk files may be stored together, such as in OCFS (for example in pre-11.2 Clusterware environments) or in the same ASM diskgroup (for example in 11.2 Oracle Clusterware environments), OCR and Voting disk files are in fact two separate files or entities and so if the intention is to modify or move both OCR and Voting disk files, then one must follow steps provided for both of these types of files.

Solution

Prepare the disks

For OCR or voting disk addition or replacement, new disks need to be prepared. Please refer to Clusteware/Gird Infrastructure installation guide for different platform for the disk requirement and preparation.

1. Size

For 10.1:

OCR device minimum size (each): 100M

Voting disk minimum size (each): 20M

For 10.2:

OCR device minimum size (each): 256M

Voting disk minimum size (each): 256M

For 11.1:

OCR device minimum size (each): 280M

Voting disk minimum size (each): 280M

For 11.2:

OCR device minimum size (each): 300M

Voting disk minimum size (each): 300M

2. For raw or block device (pre 11.2)

Please refer to Clusterware installation guide on different platform for more details.

On windows platform the new raw device link is created via $CRS_HOME\bin\GUIOracleOBJManager.exe, for example:

\\.\VOTEDSK2

\\.\OCR2

3. For ASM disks (11.2+)

On Windows platform, please refer to Document 331796.1 How to setup ASM on Windows

On Linux platform, please refer to Document 580153.1 How To Setup ASM on Linux Using ASMLIB Disks, Raw Devices or Block Devices?

For other platform, please refer to Clusterware/Gird Infrastructure installation guide on OTN (Chapter: Oracle Automatic Storage Management Storage Configuration).

4. For cluster file system

If OCR is on cluster file system, the new OCR or OCRMIRROR file must be touched before add/replace command can be issued. Otherwise PROT-21: Invalid parameter (10.2/11.) or PROT-30 The Oracle Cluster Registry location to be added is not accessible (for 11.2) will occur.

As root user

# touch /cluster_fs/ocrdisk.dat

# touch /cluster_fs/ocrmirror.dat

# chown root:oinstall /cluster_fs/ocrdisk.dat  /cluster_fs/ocrmirror.dat

# chmod 640 /cluster_fs/ocrdisk.dat  /cluster_fs/ocrmirror.dat

It is not required to pre-touch voting disk file on cluster file system.

After delete command is issued, the ocr/voting files on the cluster file system require to be removed manually.

5. Permissions

For OCR device:

chown root:oinstall <OCR device>

chmod 640 <OCR device>

For Voting device:

chown <crs/grid>:oinstall <Voting device>

chmod 644 <Voting device>

For ASM disks used for OCR/Voting disk:

chown griduser:asmadmin <asm disks>

chmod 660 <asm disks>

6. Redundancy

For Voting disks (never use even number of voting disks):

External redundancy requires minimum of 1 voting disk (or 1 failure group)

Normal redundancy requires minimum of 3 voting disks (or 3 failure group)

High redundancy requires minimum of 5 voting disks (or 5 failure group)

Insufficient failure group in respect of redundancy requirement could cause voting disk creation failure. For example: ORA-15274: Not enough failgroups (3) to create voting files

For OCR:

10.2 and 11.1, maximum 2 OCR devices: OCR and OCRMIRROR

11.2+, upto 5 OCR devices can be added.

For more information, please refer to platform specific Oracle® Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide .

ADD/REMOVE/REPLACE/MOVE OCR Device

Note: You must be logged in as the root user, because root owns the OCR files. "ocrconfig -replace" command can only be issued when CRS is running , otherwise "PROT-1: Failed to initialize ocrconfig" will occur.

Please ensure CRS is running on ALL cluster nodes during this operation , otherwise the change will not reflect in the CRS down node, CRS will have problem to startup from this down node. "ocrconfig -repair" option will be required to fix the ocr.loc file on the CRS down node.

For 11.2+ with OCR on ASM diskgroup, due to unpublished Bug 8604794 - FAIL TO CHANGE OCR LOCATION TO DG WITH 'OCRCONFIG -REPAIR -REPLACE', "ocrconfig -repair" to change OCR location to different ASM diskgroup does not work currently. Workaround is to manually edit /etc/oracle/ocr.loc or /var/opt/oracle/ocr.loc or Windows registry HYKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Oracle\ocr,  point to desired diskgroup.

If there is any issue with OLR, please refer to How to restore OLR in 11.2 Grid Infrastructure Note 1193643.1 .

Make sure there is a recent copy of the OCR file before making any changes:

ocrconfig -showbackup

If there is not a recent backup copy of the OCR file, an export can be taken for the current OCR file. Use the following command to generate an export of the online OCR file:

In 10.2

# ocrconfig -export <OCR export_filename> -s online

In 11.1 and 11.2

# ocrconfig -manualbackup node1 2008/08/06 06:11:58 /crs/cdata/crs/backup_20080807_003158.ocr

To recover using this file, the following command can be used:

# ocrconfig -import <OCR export_filename>

From 11.2+, please also refer How to restore ASM based OCR after complete loss of the CRS diskgroup on Linux/Unix systems Document 1062983.1

To see whether OCR is healthy, run an ocrcheck, which should return with like below.

# ocrcheck

Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :

Version : 2

Total space (kbytes) : 497928

Used space (kbytes) : 312

Available space (kbytes) : 497616

ID : 576761409

Device/File Name : /dev/raw/raw1

Device/File integrity check succeeded

Device/File Name : /dev/raw/raw2

Device/File integrity check succeeded

Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

For 11.1+, ocrcheck as root user should also show:

Logical corruption check succeeded

1. To add an OCRMIRROR device when only OCR device is defined:

To add an OCR mirror device, provide the full path including file name.

10.2 and 11.1:

# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror <filename>

eg:

# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror /dev/raw/raw2

# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror /dev/sdc1

# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror /cluster_fs/ocrdisk.dat

> ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror \\.\OCRMIRROR2  - for Windows

11.2+: From 11.2 onwards, upto 4 ocrmirrors can be added

# ocrconfig -add <filename>

eg:

# ocrconfig -add +OCRVOTE2

# ocrconfig -add /cluster_fs/ocrdisk.dat

2. To remove an OCR device

To remove an OCR device:

10.2 and 11.1:

# ocrconfig -replace ocr

11.2+:

# ocrconfig -delete <filename>

eg:

# ocrconfig -delete +OCRVOTE1

* Once an OCR device is removed, ocrmirror device automatically changes to be OCR device. * It is not allowed to remove OCR device if only 1 OCR device is defined, the command will return PROT-16.

To remove an OCR mirror device:

10.2 and 11.1:

# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror

11.2+:

# ocrconfig -delete <ocrmirror filename>

eg:

# ocrconfig -delete +OCRVOTE2

After removal, the old OCR/OCRMIRROR can be deleted if they are on cluster filesystem.

3. To replace or move the location of an OCR device

Note. 1. An ocrmirror must be in place before trying to replace the OCR device. The ocrconfig will fail with PROT-16, if there is no ocrmirror exists.

2. If an OCR device is replaced with a device of a different size, the size of the new device will not be reflected until the clusterware is restarted.

10.2 and 11.1:

To replace the OCR device with <filename>, provide the full path including file name.

# ocrconfig -replace ocr <filename>

eg:

# ocrconfig -replace ocr /dev/sdd1

$ ocrconfig -replace ocr \\.\OCR2 - for Windows

To replace the OCR mirror device with <filename>, provide the full path including file name.

# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror <filename>

eg:

# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror /dev/raw/raw4

# ocrconfig -replace ocrmirror \\.\OCRMIRROR2  - for Windows

11.2:

The command is same for replace either OCR or OCRMIRRORs (at least 2 OCR exist for replace command to work):

# ocrconfig -replace <current filename> -replacement <new filename>

eg:

# ocrconfig -replace /cluster_file/ocr.dat -replacement +OCRVOTE

# ocrconfig -replace +CRS -replacement +OCRVOTE

4. To restore an OCR when clusterware is down

When OCR is not accessible, CRSD process will not start, hence the clusterware stack will not start completely. A restore of OCR device access and good OCR content is required. To view the automatic OCR backup:

# ocrconfig -showbackup

To restore the OCR backup:

# ocrconfig -restore <path/filename of OCR backup>

For 11.2: If OCR is located in ASM disk and ASM disk is also lost, please check out:

How to restore ASM based OCR after complete loss of the CRS diskgroup on Linux/Unix systems Document 1062983.1

How to Restore OCR After the 1st ASM Diskgroup is Lost on Windows Document 1294915.1

If there is no valid backup of OCR presented, reinitialize OCR and Voting is required.

For 10.2 and 11.1:

Please refer to How to Recreate OCR/Voting Disk Accidentally Deleted Document 399482.1

For 11.2:

Deconfig the clusterware stack and rerun root.sh on all nodes is required.

ADD/DELETE/MOVE Voting Disk

Note : 1. crsctl votedisk commands must be run as root for 10.2 and 11.1, but can be run as grid user for 11.2+

2. For 11.2, when using ASM disks for OCR and voting, the command is same for Windows and Unix platform.

For pre 11.2, to take a backup of voting disk:

$ dd if=voting_disk_name of=backup_file_name

For Windows:

ocopy \\.\votedsk1 o:\backup\votedsk1.bak

For 11.2+, it is no longer required to back up the voting disk. The voting disk data is automatically backed up in OCR as part of any configuration change. The voting disk files are backed up automatically by Oracle Clusterware if the contents of the files have changed in the following ways:

  • Configuration parameters, for example misscount , have been added or modified

  • After performing voting disk add or delete operations

The voting disk contents are restored from a backup automatically when a new voting disk is added or replaced.

For 10gR2 release

Shutdown the Oracle Clusterware (crsctl stop crs as root) on all nodes before making any modification to the voting disk. Determine the current voting disk location using:

crsctl query css votedisk

1. To add a Voting Disk, provide the full path including file name:

# crsctl add css votedisk <VOTEDISK_LOCATION> -force

eg:

# crsctl add css votedisk /dev/raw/raw1 -force

# crsctl add css votedisk /cluster_fs/votedisk.dat -force

> crsctl add css votedisk \\.\VOTEDSK2 -force   - for windows

2. To delete a Voting Disk, provide the full path including file name:

# crsctl delete css votedisk <VOTEDISK_LOCATION> -force

eg:

# crsctl delete css votedisk /dev/raw/raw1 -force

# crsctl delete css votedisk /cluster_fs/votedisk.dat -force

> crsctl delete css votedisk \\.\VOTEDSK1 -force   - for windows

3. To move a Voting Disk, provide the full path including file name, add a device first before deleting the old one:

# crsctl add css votedisk <NEW_LOCATION> -force

# crsctl delete css votedisk <OLD_LOCATION> -force

eg:

# crsctl add css votedisk /dev/raw/raw4 -force

# crsctl delete css votedisk /dev/raw/raw1 -force

After modifying the voting disk, start the Oracle Clusterware stack on all nodes

# crsctl start crs

Verify the voting disk location using

# crsctl query css votedisk

For 11gR1 release

Starting with 11.1.0.6, the below commands can be performed online (CRS is up and running).

1. To add a Voting Disk, provide the full path including file name:

# crsctl add css votedisk <VOTEDISK_LOCATION>

eg:

# crsctl add css votedisk /dev/raw/raw1

# crsctl add css votedisk /cluster_fs/votedisk.dat

> crsctl add css votedisk \\.\VOTEDSK2        - for windows

2. To delete a Voting Disk, provide the full path including file name:

# crsctl delete css votedisk <VOTEDISK_LOCATION>

eg:

# crsctl delete css votedisk /dev/raw/raw1 -force

# crsctl delete css votedisk /cluster_fs/votedisk.dat

> crsctl delete css votedisk \\.\VOTEDSK1     - for windows

3. To move a Voting Disk, provide the full path including file name:

# crsctl add css votedisk <NEW_LOCATION>

# crsctl delete css votedisk <OLD_LOCATION>

eg:

# crsctl add css votedisk /dev/raw/raw4

# crsctl delete css votedisk /dev/raw/raw1

Verify the voting disk location:

# crsctl query css votedisk

For 11gR2 release

From 11.2, votedisk can be stored on either ASM diskgroup or cluster file systems. The following commands can only be executed when Grid Infrastructure is running . As grid user:

1. To add a Voting Disk

a. When votedisk is on cluster file system:

$ crsctl add css votedisk <cluster_fs/filename>

b. When votedisk is on ASM diskgroup, no add option available.

The number of votedisk is determined by the diskgroup redundancy. If more copies of votedisks are desired, one can move votedisk to a diskgroup with higher redundancy. See step 4.

If a votedisk is removed from a normal or high redundancy diskgroup for abnormal reason, it can be added back using:

alter diskgroup <vote diskgroup name> add disk '</path/name>' force;

2. To delete a Voting Disk

a. When votedisk is on cluster file system:

$ crsctl delete css votedisk <cluster_fs/filename>

or

$ crsctl delete css votedisk <vdiskGUID>     (vdiskGUID is the File Universal Id from 'crsctl query css votedisk')

b. When votedisk is on ASM, no delete option available, one can only replace the existing votedisk group with another ASM diskgroup

3. To move a Voting Disk on cluster file system

$ crsctl add css votedisk <new_cluster_fs/filename>

$ crsctl delete css votedisk <old_cluster_fs/filename>

or

$ crsctl delete css votedisk <vdiskGUID>

4. To move voting disk on ASM from one diskgroup to another diskgroup due to redundancy change or disk location change

$ crsctl replace votedisk <+diskgroup>|<vdisk>

Example here is moving from external redundancy +OCRVOTE diskgroup to normal redundancy +CRS diskgroup

1. create new diskgroup +CRS as desired

2. $ crsctl query css votedisk

##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group

--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------

 1. ONLINE   5e391d339a594fc7bf11f726f9375095 (ORCL:ASMDG02) [+OCRVOTE]

Located 1 voting disk(s).

3. $ crsctl replace votedisk +CRS

Successful addition of voting disk 941236c324454fc0bfe182bd6ebbcbff.

Successful addition of voting disk 07d2464674ac4fabbf27f3132d8448b0.

Successful addition of voting disk 9761ccf221524f66bff0766ad5721239.

Successful deletion of voting disk 5e391d339a594fc7bf11f726f9375095.

Successfully replaced voting disk group with +CRS.

CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced

4. $ crsctl query css votedisk

##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group

--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------

 1. ONLINE   941236c324454fc0bfe182bd6ebbcbff (ORCL:CRSD1) [CRS]

 2. ONLINE   07d2464674ac4fabbf27f3132d8448b0 (ORCL:CRSD2) [CRS]

 3. ONLINE   9761ccf221524f66bff0766ad5721239 (ORCL:CRSD3) [CRS]

Located 3 voting disk(s).

5. To move voting disk between ASM diskgroup and cluster file system

a. Move from ASM diskgroup to cluster file system:

$ crsctl query css votedisk

##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group

--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------

 1. ONLINE   6e5850d12c7a4f62bf6e693084460fd9 (ORCL:CRSD1) [CRS]

 2. ONLINE   56ab5c385ce34f37bf59580232ea815f (ORCL:CRSD2) [CRS]

 3. ONLINE   4f4446a59eeb4f75bfdfc4be2e3d5f90 (ORCL:CRSD3) [CRS]

Located 3 voting disk(s).

$ crsctl replace votedisk /rac_shared/oradata/vote.test3

Now formatting voting disk: /rac_shared/oradata/vote.test3.

CRS-4256: Updating the profile

Successful addition of voting disk 61c4347805b64fd5bf98bf32ca046d6c.

Successful deletion of voting disk 6e5850d12c7a4f62bf6e693084460fd9.

Successful deletion of voting disk 56ab5c385ce34f37bf59580232ea815f.

Successful deletion of voting disk 4f4446a59eeb4f75bfdfc4be2e3d5f90.

CRS-4256: Updating the profile

CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced

$ crsctl query css votedisk

##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group

--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------

 1. ONLINE   61c4347805b64fd5bf98bf32ca046d6c (/rac_shared/oradata/vote.disk) []

Located 1 voting disk(s). 

b. Move from cluster file system to ASM diskgroup

$ crsctl query css votedisk

##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group

--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------

 1. ONLINE   61c4347805b64fd5bf98bf32ca046d6c (/rac_shared/oradata/vote.disk) []

Located 1 voting disk(s).

$ crsctl replace votedisk +CRS

CRS-4256: Updating the profile

Successful addition of voting disk 41806377ff804fc1bf1d3f0ec9751ceb.

Successful addition of voting disk 94896394e50d4f8abf753752baaa5d27.

Successful addition of voting disk 8e933621e2264f06bfbb2d23559ba635.

Successful deletion of voting disk 61c4347805b64fd5bf98bf32ca046d6c.

Successfully replaced voting disk group with +CRS.

CRS-4256: Updating the profile

CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced

[oragrid@auw2k4 crsconfig]$ crsctl query css votedisk

##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group

--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------

 1. ONLINE   41806377ff804fc1bf1d3f0ec9751ceb (ORCL:CRSD1) [CRS]

 2. ONLINE   94896394e50d4f8abf753752baaa5d27 (ORCL:CRSD2) [CRS]

 3. ONLINE   8e933621e2264f06bfbb2d23559ba635 (ORCL:CRSD3) [CRS]

Located 3 voting disk(s).

6. To verify:

$ crsctl query css votedisk

For Voting disk maintenance in Extended Cluster

Please refer to Oracle White paper: Oracle Clusterware 11g Release 2 (11.2) – Using standard NFS to support a third voting file for extended cluster configurations

If there is any issue using asmca tool, please refer to How to Manually Add NFS voting disk to an Extended Cluster using ASM in 11.2 Note 1421588.1 for detailed commands.

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