Flutter页面跳转到IOS原生界面 如何实现?

2019年初的时候,我学过一阵子Flutter,着重看了下Bloc(business logic component),自己写了个小demo。完了之后,Flutter就被抛之脑后了。

这两天,有朋友请我帮忙,他们想从Flutter页面跳转到IOS原生OC的界面,虽然我不是大神,只是一只野生的猿,但我喜欢挑战,答应帮他们看看。说干就干,参考了官网的关于编写跨平台代码文档:传送门

其实基本思路很简单,两步

一.Flutter 传递消息给原生,说我要去原生界面

二.在原生AppDelegate.m里,将FlutterViewController 作为rootViewController,然后放在Navigation Stack里。当原生接收到消息,实现跳转功能,完事!

话不多说,Let's dive in.

第一步,Flutter 怎么将消息传递到原生端呢?

1.创建一个通信的频道

import 'dart:async';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter/services.dart';
...
class _MyHomePageState extends State<MyHomePage> {
  static const platform = const MethodChannel('samples.flutter.dev/goToNativePage');
}
复制代码

2.实现Trigger Function

Future<void> _goToNativePage() async {
    try {
      final int result = await platform
          .invokeMethod('goToNativePage', {'test': 'from flutter'});
      print(result);
    } on PlatformException catch (e) {}
 }
  
@override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Material(
      child: Center(
        child: Column(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceEvenly,
          children: [
            RaisedButton(
              child: Text('去原生界面'),
              onPressed: _goToNativePage,
              color: Colors.blueAccent,
              textColor: Colors.white,
            ),
            Text(
              "Flutter 页面",
              style: new TextStyle(
                fontSize: 30.0,
                fontWeight: FontWeight.w900,
                fontFamily: "Georgia",
              ),
            )
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
复制代码

添加一个按钮,给这按钮再添加一个_goToNativePage方法,在这里如果还要传递参数的话,直接像这样写就ok了

platform.invokeMethod('goToNativePage', {'key': 'value'});
复制代码

第二步 ,原生接收消息并实现跳转

因为你导航到新界面,所以需要引入 UINavigationController

在AppDelegate.m里, @implementation AppDelegate 上方添加代码

@interface AppDelegate()
  @property (nonatomic, strong) UINavigationController *navigationController;
@end
复制代码

1.将FlutterView设为根视图

FlutterViewController *controller = (FlutterViewController*)self.window.rootViewController;
复制代码

2.嵌入导航堆栈里

self.navigationController = [[UINavigationController alloc] initWithRootViewController:controller];
self.window = [[UIWindow alloc] initWithFrame:[[UIScreen mainScreen] bounds]];
self.window.rootViewController = self.navigationController;
[self.navigationController setNavigationBarHidden:YES animated:YES];
[self.window makeKeyAndVisible];
复制代码

3.Flutter和原生通信的接口的实现

FlutterMethodChannel* testChannel = 
        [
             FlutterMethodChannel methodChannelWithName:@"samples.flutter.dev/goToNativePage"
             binaryMessenger:controller
        ];
	
[testChannel setMethodCallHandler:^(FlutterMethodCall* call, FlutterResult result) {
	
	NSLog(@"%@", call.method);
	
	//接收从flutter传递过来的参数
	NSLog(@"%@", call.arguments[@"test"]);

	if ([@"goToNativePage" isEqualToString:call.method]) {
        //实现跳转的代码
	} else {
		result(FlutterMethodNotImplemented);
	}
}];
复制代码

想获取从flutter传递过来的参数, call.arguments[@"key"] ,用这段代码

4.实现跳转到原生界面

到了这,就相当简单了,补全跳转代码

NSString * storyboardName = @"Main";
UIStoryboard *storyboard = [UIStoryboard storyboardWithName:storyboardName bundle: nil];
UIViewController * vc = [storyboard instantiateViewControllerWithIdentifier:@"NativeViewController"];
vc.navigationItem.title = call.arguments[@"test"];

[self.navigationController pushViewController:vc animated:true];
复制代码

gayhub 项目地址: 传送门

IOS Swift版本: 传送门

到了这里,功能就实现了。如果有更好方式,请告诉我.

我来评几句
登录后评论

已发表评论数()

相关站点

+订阅
热门文章