etcd实现服务发现和注册

原理

etcd实现服务发现和注册,使用的是kv存储、租约、watch.

向etcd 注册 该服务(其实就是 存一个值)然后向etcd 发送心跳,当etcd 没有检测到心跳就会 把这个键值对 删了(这整个动作是etcd里的租约模式),网关那边 就只需要 watch 这个 key ,就能够知道 所有服务的所有动态了. 注册的时候可以使用前缀这样在watch的时候可以watch所有的服务器.

服务注册

  1. 租约模式,客户端申请一个租约设置过期时间,keepalive没个固定时间进行租约续期,通过租约存储key.过期不续租则etcd会删除租约上的所有key
  2. 相同服务存储的key的前缀可以设置成一样
  3. 注册服务就是向服务端使用租约模式写入一个key
package main

import (
    "context"
    "fmt"
    "time"
    "go.etcd.io/etcd/clientv3"
)

//创建租约注册服务
type ServiceRegister struct {
    etcdClient    *clientv3.Client //etcd client
    lease         clientv3.Lease //租约
    leaseResp     *clientv3.LeaseGrantResponse //设置租约时间返回
    canclefunc    func() //租约撤销
    //租约keepalieve相应chan
    keepAliveChan <-chan  *clientv3.LeaseKeepAliveResponse
    key           string //注册的key
}

func NewServiceRegister(addr []string, timeNum int64) (*ServiceReg, error) {
    conf := clientv3.Config{
        Endpoints:   addr,
        DialTimeout: 5 * time.Second,
    }

    var (
        client *clientv3.Client
    )

    //连接etcd
    if clientTem, err := clientv3.New(conf); err == nil {
        etcdClient = clientTem
    } else {
        return nil, err
    }

    ser := &ServiceRegister{
        etcdClient: client,
    }

    //申请租约设置时间keepalive
    if err := ser.setLease(timeNum); err != nil {
        return nil, err
    }
    
    //监听续租相应chan
    go ser.ListenLeaseRespChan()
    return ser, nil
}

//设置租约
func (this *ServiceRegister) setLease(timeNum int64) error {
    //申请租约
    lease := clientv3.NewLease(this.etcdClient)

    //设置租约时间
    leaseResp, err := lease.Grant(context.TODO(), timeNum)
    if err != nil {
        return err
    }

    //设置续租 定期发送需求请求
    ctx, cancelFunc := context.WithCancel(context.TODO())
    leaseRespChan, err := lease.KeepAlive(ctx, leaseResp.ID)

    if err != nil {
        return err
    }

    this.lease = lease
    this.leaseResp = leaseResp
    this.canclefunc = cancelFunc
    this.keepAliveChan = leaseRespChan
    return nil
}

//监听 续租情况
func (this *ServiceRegister) ListenLeaseRespChan() {
    for {
        select {
        case leaseKeepResp := <-this.keepAliveChan:
            if leaseKeepResp == nil {
                fmt.Printf("已经关闭续租功能\n")
                return
            } else {
                fmt.Printf("续租成功\n")
            }
        }
    }
}

//通过租约 注册服务
func (this *ServiceRegister) PutService(key, val string) error {
    //带租约的模式写入数据即注册服务
    kv := clientv3.NewKV(this.etcdClient)
    _, err := kv.Put(context.TODO(), key, val, clientv3.WithLease(this.leaseResp.ID))
    return err
}


//撤销租约
func (this *ServiceRegister) RevokeLease() error {
    this.canclefunc()
    time.Sleep(2 * time.Second)
    _, err := this.lease.Revoke(context.TODO(), this.leaseResp.ID)
    return err
}

func main() {
    ser,_ := NewServiceRegister([]string{"127.0.0.1:2379"}, 5)
    ser.PutService("/server/node1", "node1")
    select{}
}

服务发现

  1. 创建一个client 连到etcd.
  2. 匹配到所有相同前缀的 key. 存储信息到本地
  3. watch这个key前缀,当有增加或者删除的时候就修改本地
  4. 本地维护server的列表
import (
    "go.etcd.io/etcd/clientv3"
    "time"
    "context"
    "go.etcd.io/etcd/mvcc/mvccpb"
    "sync"
    "log"
)

type ServiceDiscovery struct {
    client        *clientv3.Client
    serverList    map[string]string
    lock          sync.Mutex
}

func NewServiceDiscovery (addr []string)( *ServiceDiscovery, error){
    conf := clientv3.Config{
        Endpoints:   addr,
        DialTimeout: 5 * time.Second,
    }
    if client, err := clientv3.New(conf); err == nil {
        return &ClientDis{
            client:client,
            serverList:make(map[string]string),
        }, nil
    } else {
        return nil ,err
    }
}


func (this * ServiceDiscovery) GetService(prefix string) ([]string ,error){
    //使用key前桌获取所有的etcd上所有的server
    resp, err := this.client.Get(context.Background(), prefix, clientv3.WithPrefix())
    if err != nil {
        return nil, err
    }
    //解析出所有的server放入本地
    addrs := this.extractAddrs(resp)

    //warch server前缀 将变更写入本地
    go this.watcher(prefix)
    return addrs ,nil
}

// 监听key前缀
func (this *ServiceDiscovery) watcher(prefix string) {
    //监听 返回监听事件chan
    rch := this.client.Watch(context.Background(), prefix, clientv3.WithPrefix())
    for wresp := range rch {
        for _, ev := range wresp.Events {
            switch ev.Type {
            case mvccpb.PUT: //修改或者新增
                this.SetServiceList(string(ev.Kv.Key),string(ev.Kv.Value))
            case mvccpb.DELETE: //删除
                this.DelServiceList(string(ev.Kv.Key))
            }
        }
    }
}

func (this *ServiceDiscovery) extractAddrs(resp *clientv3.GetResponse) []string {
    addrs := make([]string,0)
    if resp == nil || resp.Kvs == nil {
        return addrs
    }
    for i := range resp.Kvs {
        if v := resp.Kvs[i].Value; v != nil {
            this.SetServiceList(string(resp.Kvs[i].Key),string(resp.Kvs[i].Value))
            addrs = append(addrs, string(v))
        }
    }
    return addrs
}

func (this *ServiceDiscovery) SetServiceList(key,val string) {
    this.lock.Lock()
    defer this.lock.Unlock()
    this.serverList[key] = string(val)
    log.Println("set data key :",key,"val:",val)
}

func (this *ServiceDiscovery) DelServiceList(key string) {
    this.lock.Lock()
    defer this.lock.Unlock()
    delete(this.serverList,key)
    log.Println("del data key:", key)
}


func (this *ServiceDiscovery) SerList2Array()[]string {
    this.lock.Lock()
    defer this.lock.Unlock()
    addrs := make([]string,0)

    for _, v := range this.serverList {
        addrs = append(addrs,v)
    }
    return addrs
}

func main () {
    cli,_ := NewServiceDiscovery([]string{"127.0.0.1:2379"})
    cli.GetService("/server")
    select {}
}
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