[译] Github 平台最有价值的 100 个项目

原文翻译自:https://hackernoon.com/githubs-top-100-most-valuable-repositories-out-of-96-million-bb48caa9eb0b

灵魂翻译者:https://github.com/chai2010

自从老牌的Sourceforge堕落、Google Code服务关闭之后,Github已经开始制霸整个开源领域,成为开发人员的首选代码管理和社交平台。Github目前注册用户超过3000万,组织超过200万,托管仓库超过9600万——它已经是整个地球上最庞大的同性交友平台。

面对海量的仓库和信息,如何获取最有价值的项目是每个码农都关心的问题。来自U°OS的算法分析了整个Github网络,并且生成了最具价值的100个项目。它们的分析算法可以看这里:https://github.com/UOSnetwork/uos.docs/tree/master/yellow_paper

最终分析的结果和大家的关注点也是息息相关,它确实反映了全球码农对新技术的关注方向。

这里有网络巨头们主导的开源项目:谷歌、水果、巨硬、脸书、甚至还有百毒。同时,还有你懂得的兲朝的敏感词秘密手册生成器。有支持加密的比特币。还有来自CERN的大型对撞机粒子探测器工具。

也有一些游戏相关的项目,例如:Space Station 13和大灾变(Cataclysm:Dark Days Ahead0,以及Godot游戏引擎。当然也有教育相关的项目,比如:freeCodeCamp、Open edX、Oppia和Code.org等。还有很多和Web和移动设备应用的项目,例如:WordPress、Joomla和Flutter。用于Web数据存储的数据库项目,例如:Ceph和CockroachDB。当下流行的Elasticsearch搜索引擎也在结果中。iOS越狱工具Cydia和Nintendo 3DS自定义固件也是受关注的项目。还有智能家庭助理的家居系统也有上榜。

总而言之,分析结果反映了当代码农秘密的心声:我们不仅仅热爱996(这是我们上辈子修来的福报),更关心安全的加密工具、在DIR来的硬件之上定制自己的软件、此外还有我们的吃鸡游戏时间。最伟大的公司在开源它们的ICU项目。

在查看最终结果列表前,我们还通过算法分析为每个Github码农生成来一个肥胖指数。如果你对这些结果也感兴趣,可以从这里查看:https://u.community/github

Github Top100项目

1. Google Kubernetes

Container scheduling and management

Repository: https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes

Website: https://kubernetes.io/

2. Apache Spark

A unified analytics engine for large-scale data processing

Repository: https://github.com/apache/spark

Website: http://spark.apache.org/

3. Microsoft Visual Studio Code

A source-code editor

Repository: https://github.com/Microsoft/vscode

Website: https://code.visualstudio.com/

4. NixOS Package Collection

A collection of packages for the Nix package manager

Repository: https://github.com/NixOS/nixpkgs

Website: https://nixos.org

5. Rust

Programming language

Repository: https://github.com/rust-lang/rust

Website: https://www.rust-lang.org/

6. Firehol IP Lists

Blacklists for Firehol, a firewall builder

Repository: https://github.com/firehol/blocklist-ipsets

Website: https://iplists.firehol.org/

7. Red Hat OpenShift

A community distribution of Kubernetes optimized for continuous application development and multi-tenant deployment

Repository: https://github.com/openshift/origin

Website: https://www.openshift.com/

8. Ansible

A deployment automation platform

Repository: https://github.com/ansible/ansible

Website: https://www.ansible.com/

9. Automattic WordPress Calypso

A JavaScript and API powered front-end for WordPress.com

Repository: https://github.com/Automattic/wp-calypso

Website: https://developer.wordpress.com/calypso/

10. Microsoft .NET CoreFX

Foundational class libraries for .NET Core

Repository: https://github.com/dotnet/corefx

Website: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/core/

11. Microsoft .NET Roslyn

.NET compiler

Repository: https://github.com/dotnet/roslyn

Website: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/csharp/roslyn-sdk/

12. Node.js

A JavaScript runtime built on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine

Repository: https://github.com/nodejs/node

Website: https://nodejs.org/en/

13. TensorFlow

Google’s machine learning framework

Repository: https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow

Website: https://www.tensorflow.org/

14. freeCodeCamp

Code learning platform

Repository: https://github.com/freeCodeCamp/freeCodeCamp

Website: https://www.freecodecamp.org/

15. Space Station 13

A round-based roleplaying game

Repository: https://github.com/tgstation/tgstation

Website: https://www.tgstation13.org/

16. Apple Swift

Apple’s programming language

Repository: https://github.com/apple/swift

Website: https://swift.org/

17. Elasticsearch

A search engine

Repository: https://github.com/elastic/elasticsearch

Website: https://www.elastic.co/products/elasticsearch

18. Moby

An open framework to assemble specialized container systems

Repository: https://github.com/moby/moby

Website: https://mobyproject.org/

19. CockroachDB

A cloud-native SQL database

Repository: https://github.com/cockroachdb/cockroach

Website: https://www.cockroachlabs.com/

20. Cydia Compatibility Checker

A compatibility checker for Cydia — a package manager for iOS jailbroken devices

Repository: https://github.com/jlippold/tweakCompatible

Website: https://jlippold.github.io/tweakCompatible/

21. Servo

A web browser engine

Repository: https://github.com/servo/servo

Website: https://servo.org/

22. Google Flutter

Google’s mobile app SDK to create interfaces for iOS and Android

Repository: https://github.com/flutter/flutter

Website: https://flutter.dev/

23. macOS Homebrew Package Manager

Default formulae for the missing package manager for macOS

Repository: https://github.com/homebrew/homebrew-core

Website: https://brew.sh/

24. Home Assistant

Home automation software

Repository: https://github.com/home-assistant/home-assistant

Website: https://www.home-assistant.io/

25. Microsoft .NET CoreCLR

Runtime for .NET Core

Repository: https://github.com/dotnet/coreclr

Website: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/core/

26. CocoaPods Specifications

Specifications for CocoaPods, a Cocoa dependency manager

Repository: https://github.com/CocoaPods/Specs

Website: https://cocoapods.org/

27. Elastic Kibana

An analytics and search dashboard for Elasticsearch

Repository: https://github.com/elastic/kibana

Website: https://www.elastic.co/products/kibana

28. Julia Language

A technical computing language

Repository: https://github.com/JuliaLang/julia

Website: https://julialang.org/

29. Microsoft TypeScript

A superset of JavaScript that compiles to plain JavaScript

Repository: https://github.com/Microsoft/TypeScript

Website: https://www.typescriptlang.org/

30. Joomla

A content management system

Repository: https://github.com/joomla/joomla-cms

Website: https://www.joomla.org/

31. DefinitelyTyped

A repository for TypeScript type definitions

Repository: https://github.com/DefinitelyTyped/DefinitelyTyped

Website: http://definitelytyped.org/

32. Homebrew Cask

A CLI workflow for the administration of macOS applications distributed as binaries

Repository: https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-cask

Website: https://brew.sh/

33. Ceph

A distributed object, block, and file storage platform

Repository: https://github.com/ceph/ceph

Website: https://ceph.com/

34. Go

Programming language

Repository: https://github.com/golang/go

Website: https://golang.org/

35. AMP HTML Builder

A way to build pages for Google AMP

Repository: https://github.com/ampproject/amphtml

Website: https://amp.dev/

36. Open edX

An online education platform

Repository: https://github.com/edx/edx-platform

Website: https://open.edx.org/

37. Pandas

A data analysis and manipulation library for Python

Repository: https://github.com/pandas-dev/pandas

Website: https://pandas.pydata.org/

38. Istio

A platform to manage microservices

Repository: https://github.com/istio/istio

Website: https://istio.io/

39. ManageIQ

A containers, virtual machines, networks, and storage management platform

Repository: https://github.com/ManageIQ/manageiq

Website: http://manageiq.org/

40. Godot Engine

A multi-platform 2D and 3D game engine

Repository: https://github.com/godotengine/godot

Website: https://godotengine.org/

41. Gentoo Repository Mirror

A Gentoo ebuild repository mirror

Repository: https://github.com/gentoo/gentoo

Website: https://www.gentoo.org/

42. Odoo

A suite of web based open source business apps

Repository: https://github.com/odoo/odoo

Website: https://www.odoo.com/

43. Azure Documentation

Documentation of Microsoft Azure

Repository: https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/azure-docs

Website: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure

44. Magento

An eCommerce platform

Repository: https://github.com/magento/magento2

Website: https://magento.com/

45. Saltstack

Software to automate the management and configuration of any infrastructure or application at scale

Repository: https://github.com/saltstack/salt

Website: https://www.saltstack.com/

46. AdGuard Filters

Ad blocking filters for AdGuard

Repository: https://github.com/AdguardTeam/AdguardFilters

Website: https://adguard.com/en/welcome.html

47. Symfony

A PHP framework

Repository: https://github.com/symfony/symfony

Website: https://symfony.com/

48. CMS Software for the Large Hadron Collider

Particle detector software components for CERN’s Large Hadron Collider

Repository: https://github.com/cms-sw/cmssw

Website: http://cms-sw.github.io/

49. Red Hat OpenShift

OpenShift installation and configuration management

Repository: https://github.com/openshift/openshift-ansible

Website: https://www.openshift.com/

50. ownCloud

Personal cloud software

Repository: https://github.com/owncloud/core

Website: https://owncloud.org/

51. gRPC

A remote procedure call (RPC) framework

Repository: https://github.com/grpc/grpc

Website: https://grpc.io/

52. Liferay

An enterprise web platform

Repository: https://github.com/brianchandotcom/liferay-portal

Website: https://www.liferay.com/

53. CommCare HQ

A mobile data collection platform

Repository: https://github.com/dimagi/commcare-hq

Website: https://www.commcarehq.org/

54. WordPress Gutenberg

An editor plugin for WordPress

Repository: https://github.com/WordPress/gutenberg

Website: https://wordpress.org/gutenberg/

55. PyTorch

A Python package for Tensor computation and deep neural networks

Repository: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch

Website: https://pytorch.org/

56. Kubernetes Test Infrastructure

A test-infra repository for Kubernetes

Repository: https://github.com/kubernetes/test-infra

Website: https://kubernetes.io/

57. Keybase

Keybase client repository

Repository: https://github.com/keybase/client

Website: https://keybase.io/

58. Facebook React

A JavaScript library for building user interfaces

Repository: https://github.com/facebook/react

Website: https://reactjs.org/

59. Code.org

Code learning resource

Repository: https://github.com/code-dot-org/code-dot-org

Website: https://code.org/

60. Bitcoin Core

Bitcoin client software

Repository: https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin

Website: https://bitcoincore.org/

61. Arm Mbed OS

A platform operating system for the Internet of Things

Repository: https://github.com/ARMmbed/mbed-os

Website: https://www.mbed.com

62. scikit-learn

A Python module for machine learning

Repository: https://github.com/scikit-learn/scikit-learn

Website: https://scikit-learn.org

63. Nextcloud

A self-hosted productivity platform

Repository: https://github.com/nextcloud/server

Website: https://nextcloud.com/

64. Helm Charts

A curated list of applications for Kubernetes

Repository: https://github.com/helm/charts

Website: https://kubernetes.io/

65. Terraform

An infrastructure management tool

Repository: https://github.com/hashicorp/terraform

Website: https://www.terraform.io/

66. Ant Design

A UI design language

Repository: https://github.com/ant-design/ant-design

Website: https://ant.design/

67. Phalcon Framework Documentation

Documentation for Phalcon, a PHP framework

Repository: https://github.com/phalcon/docs

Website: https://docs.phalconphp.com

68. Documentation for CMS Software for the Large Hadron Collider

Documentation for CMS Software for CERN’s Large Hadron Collider

Repository: https://github.com/cms-sw/cms-sw.github.io

Website: http://cms-sw.github.io/

69. Apache Kafka Mirror

A mirror for Apache Kafka, a distributed streaming platform

Repository: https://github.com/apache/kafka

Website: https://kafka.apache.org/

70. Electron

A framework to write cross-platform desktop applications using JavaScript, HTML and CSS

Repository: https://github.com/electron/electron

Website: https://electronjs.org/

71. Zephyr Project

A real-time operating system

Repository: https://github.com/zephyrproject-rtos/zephyr

Website: https://www.zephyrproject.org/

72. The web-platform-tests Project

A cross-browser testsuite for the Web-platform stack

Repository: https://github.com/web-platform-tests/wpt

Website: https://www.w3.org/

73. Marlin Firmware

Optimized firmware for RepRap 3D printers based on the Arduino platform

Repository: https://github.com/MarlinFirmware/Marlin

Website: http://marlinfw.org/

74. Apache MXNet

A library for deep learning

Repository: https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet

Website: https://mxnet.apache.org/

75. Apache Beam

A unified programming model

Repository: https://github.com/apache/beam

Website: https://beam.apache.org/

76. Fastlane

A build and release automaton for iOS and Android apps

Repository: https://github.com/fastlane/fastlane

Website: https://fastlane.tools/

77. Kubernetes Website and Documentation

A repository for the Kubernetes website and documentation

Repository: https://github.com/kubernetes/website

Website: https://kubernetes.io

78. Ruby on Rails

A web-application framework

Repository: https://github.com/rails/rails

Website: https://rubyonrails.org/

79. Zulip

Team chat software

Repository: https://github.com/zulip/zulip

Website: https://zulipchat.com/

80. Laravel

A web application framework

Repository: https://github.com/laravel/framework

Website: https://laravel.com/

81. Baidu PaddlePaddle

Baidu’s deep learning framework

Repository: https://github.com/PaddlePaddle/Paddle

Website: http://www.paddlepaddle.org/

82. Gatsby

A web application framework

Repository: https://github.com/gatsbyjs/gatsby

Website: https://www.gatsbyjs.org/

83. Rust Crate Registry

Rust’s community package registry

Repository: https://github.com/rust-lang/crates.io-index

Website: https://crates.io/

84. Nintendo 3DS Custom Firmware

A complete guide to 3DS custom firmware

Repository: https://github.com/hacks-guide/Guide_3DS

Website: https://3ds.hacks.guide/

85. TiDB

A NewSQL database

Repository: https://github.com/pingcap/tidb

Website: https://pingcap.com

86. Angular CLI

CLI tool for Angular, a Google web application framework

Repository: https://github.com/angular/angular-cli

Website: https://cli.angular.io/

87. MAPS.ME

Offline OpenStreetMap maps for iOS and Android

Repository: https://github.com/mapsme/omim

Website: https://maps.me/

88. Eclipse Che

A cloud IDE for Eclipse

Repository: https://github.com/eclipse/che

Website: http://www.eclipse.org/che/

89. Brave Browser

A browser with native BAT cryptocurrency

Repository: https://github.com/brave/browser-laptop

Website: https://www.brave.com/

90. Patchwork

A repository to learn Git

Repository: https://github.com/jlord/patchwork

Website: http://jlord.us/patchwork/

91. Angular Material

Component infrastructure and Material Design components for Angular, a Google web application framework

Repository: https://github.com/angular/components

Website: https://material.angular.io/

92. Python

Programming language

Repository: https://github.com/python/cpython

Website: https://www.python.org/

93. Space Station 13

A round-based roleplaying game

Repository: https://github.com/vgstation-coders/vgstation13

Website: http://ss13.moe/

94. Cataclysm: Dark Days Ahead

A turn-based survival game

Repository: https://github.com/CleverRaven/Cataclysm-DDA

Website: http://cataclysmdda.org/

95. Material-UI

React components that implement Google’s Material Design

Repository: https://github.com/mui-org/material-ui

Website: https://material-ui.com/

96. Ionic

A Progressive Web Apps development framework

Repository: https://github.com/ionic-team/ionic

Website: https://ionicframework.com/

97. Oppia

A tool for collaboratively building interactive lessons

Repository: https://github.com/oppia/oppia

Website: https://www.oppia.org

98. Alluxio

A virtual distributed storage system

Repository: https://github.com/Alluxio/alluxio

Website: https://www.alluxio.io/

99. XX Net

A Chinese web proxy and anti-censorship tool

Repository: https://github.com/XX-net/XX-Net

Website: None

100. Microsoft .NET CLI

A CLI tool for .NET

Repository: https://github.com/dotnet/cli

Website: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/core/tools/

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