grpc 使用(python,golang)

python

1、使用前准备,安装这三个库

pip install grpcio
pip install protobuf
pip install grpcio_tools

2、建立一个proto文件hello.proto

// [python quickstart](https://grpc.io/docs/quickstart/python.html#run-a-grpc-application)
// python -m grpc_tools.protoc --python_out=. --grpc_python_out=. -I. hello.proto

// helloworld.proto
syntax = "proto3";
package test;

service Greeter {
    rpc SayHello(HelloRequest) returns (HelloReply) {}
    rpc SayHelloAgain(HelloRequest) returns (HelloReply) {}

}
service Greetera{
    rpc SayStudent(Studentid) returns (Student){}
}
message Student {
    string msg=1;//json
}


message Studentid{
    string id=1;
}
message HelloRequest {
    string name = 1;
}

message HelloReply {
    string message = 1;
}

3、执行命令就会对应生成两个py文件

hello_pb2.py

hello_pb2_grpc.py

python -m grpc_tools.protoc --python_out=. --grpc_python_out=. -I. hello.proto

4、py服务端代码hello.server.py:

from concurrent import futures
import time
import grpc
import hello_pb2
import hello_pb2_grpc
import json
# 实现 proto 文件中定义的 GreeterServicer
class Greeter(hello_pb2_grpc.GreeterServicer):
    # 实现 proto 文件中定义的 rpc 调用
    def SayHello(self, request, context):
        return hello_pb2.HelloReply(message = 'hello {msg}'.format(msg = request.name))

    def SayHelloAgain(self, request, context):
        return hello_pb2.HelloReply(message='hello {msg}'.format(msg = request.name))



class Gretera(hello_pb2_grpc.GreeteraServicer):
    def SayStudent(self,request,context):
        print(request.id)
        if request.id=="0":
            c=hello_pb2.Student(msg=json.dumps({"name":"owen","age":22,"sex":"男"}))
        else:
            c=hello_pb2.Student(msg=json.dumps({"name":"lihui","age":23,"sex":"女"}))
        return c
def serve():
    # 启动 rpc 服务
    server = grpc.server(futures.ThreadPoolExecutor(max_workers=10))
    hello_pb2_grpc.add_GreeterServicer_to_server(Greeter(), server)
    hello_pb2_grpc.add_GreeteraServicer_to_server(Gretera(),server)
    server.add_insecure_port('[::]:50052')
    server.start()
    try:
        while True:
            time.sleep(60*60*24) # one day in seconds
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        server.stop(0)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    serve()

py客户端代码hello.client.py:

import grpc
import hello_pb2
import hello_pb2_grpc
import json
def run():
    # 连接 rpc 服务器
    channel = grpc.insecure_channel('localhost:50051')
    # 调用 rpc 服务
    stub = hello_pb2_grpc.GreeterStub(channel)
    response = stub.SayHello(hello_pb2.HelloRequest(name='czl'))
    print("Greeter client received: " + response.message)
    response = stub.SayHelloAgain(hello_pb2.HelloRequest(name='nsdnfkjda'))
    print("Greeter client received: " + response.message)
    stub1 = hello_pb2_grpc.GreeteraStub(channel)
    response1 = stub1.SayStudent(hello_pb2.Studentid(id='1'))
    print(json.loads(response1.msg))
if __name__ == '__main__':
    run()

golang

由于grpc是跨语言的所以这里用golang做为示范,golang客户端代码,小编这里也踩了许多坑,最主要的是两个proto文件一定要一致,golang 中使用必须安装protoc,windows将环境变量指向安装目录的bin下面:

1、protocal buffer安装

https://github.com/google/protobuf/releases 下载 对应自己的系统(环境变量记得改)

2、安装 golang protobuf

go get -u github.com/golang/protobuf/proto // golang protobuf 库
go get -u github.com/golang/protobuf/protoc-gen-go //protoc --go_out 工具

3、安装 gRPC-go

go get google.golang.org/grpc

4、生成go文件

protoc --go_out=plugins=grpc:文件目录  对应的.proto文件
protoc --go_out=plugins=grpc:. hello.proto

生成hello.pb.go,调用的实现hello_go_client.go:

package main

import (
    "context"
    "encoding/json"
    "google.golang.org/grpc"
    "log"
    "student/test" //对应的生成文件目录
)

type Studenmsg struct {
    Name string
    Age int
    Sex string
}


func main() {
    // 建立连接到gRPC服务
    conn, err := grpc.Dial("127.0.0.1:50052", grpc.WithInsecure())
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatalf("did not connect: %v", err)
    }
    // 函数结束时关闭连接
    defer conn.Close()

    // 创建Waiter服务的客户端
    t := test.NewGreeteraClient(conn)
    tr,err:=t.SayStudent(context.Background(),&test.Studentid{Id:"1"})
    if err != nil {
            log.Fatalf("could not greet: %v", err)
        }
    var st Studenmsg
    err=json.Unmarshal([]byte(tr.Msg),&st)//这里说明一下发过来的数据是json格式转化成struct
    if err!=nil{
        log.Println(err.Error())
    }
    log.Println(st.Name,st.Age,st.Sex)
}

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