Javascript & Angular 踩坑合辑

业务场景:页面中包含多个独立的下拉框,需要同时加载下拉列表。

import {Observable} from 'rxjs/Observable';
import 'rxjs/add/observable/forkJoin';
import 'rxjs/add/observable/merge';
import 'rxjs/add/observable/zip';

let http1 = this.http.get('url');
let http2 = this.http.get('url');
let http3 = this.http.get('url');

Observable.forkJoin(http1, http2, http3).subscribe((res) => {
      console.log(res)
    })

Observable.zip(http1, http2, http3).subscribe(([res1, res2, res3]) => {
      console.log(res1)
      console.log(res2)
      console.log(res3)
    })

Observable.zip(http1, http2, http3).subscribe((res) => {
      console.log(res)
    })

Observable.merge(http1, http2, http3).subscribe((res) => {
      console.log(res)
    })
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2. 在Promise中返回Observable

业务场景:这个问题是在Ionic开发中遇到的,当时在做一个demo,要求api地址是在界面上配置,做法是将api地址通过Storage库保存在app缓存,客户端发http请求的时候先去缓存中取api地址

import {Observable} from 'rxjs';
import 'rxjs/add/observable/fromPromise';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/map';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/mergeMap';

post(url, parametersModel): Observable<any> {
    //this.storage.get(...)返回一个Promise,this.http.post(...)返回一个Observable
    return Observable.fromPromise(this.storage.get('apiBaseUrl')).mergeMap(apiBaseUrl => {
      return this.http.post(apiBaseUrl + url, parametersModel, {
        headers: this.headerWithToken()
      });
    });
  }
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3. Cannot read property 'xxx' of null解决办法

[Bad]

var data = null;
if (data.name) { // TypeError: Cannot read property 'name' of null
    console.log('OK');
}
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[Good]

var data = null;
if (data && data.name) {
    console.log('OK');
}
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4. 同时处理多个Promise

getStorage(names: Array<string>): Promise<Array<string>> {
    return Promise.all([this.storage.get(names[0]), this.storage.get(names[1])]); // this.storage.get返回Promise
}
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5. 数组去重

可以用es6新增的Set来实现,Set是一种数据结构,它和数组非常相似,但是成员的值都是唯一的。我们可以先把它转化成Set,再配合...解构运算符重新转化为数组,达到去重的目的。

const arr = [1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5];
const new_arr = [...new Set(arr)];
console.log(new_arr); // 输出[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
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6. 变量作用域提升

变量作用域提升,也就是通过var申明的变量,会拿到该作用于的最顶层,此时变量只是申明,并没有赋值,所以打印该变量为undefined。 let就不存在变量作用域提升

console.log(str); // 输出undefined
var str = '123456';
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[等价于]

var str; // str为undefined
console.log(str); // 输出undefined
str = '123456';
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7. 用Promise对象实现的 Ajax 操作

const getJSON = function(url) {
  const promise = new Promise(function(resolve, reject){
    const handler = function() {
      if (this.readyState !== 4) {
        return;
      }
      if (this.status === 200) {
        resolve(this.response);
      } else {
        reject(new Error(this.statusText));
      }
    };
    const client = new XMLHttpRequest();
    client.open("GET", url);
    client.onreadystatechange = handler;
    client.responseType = "json";
    client.setRequestHeader("Accept", "application/json");
    client.send();

  });

  return promise;
};

getJSON("/posts.json").then(function(json) {
  console.log('Contents: ' + json);
}, function(error) {
  console.error('出错了', error);
});
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8. 通过改变数组length清空、截取数组

const arr = ['A','B','C','D','E','F'];
arr.length = 3;
console.log(arr); //=> ['A','B','C']

arr.length = 0;
console.log(arr); //=> []
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9. 创建纯对象

const pureObject = Object.create(null);
console.log(pureObject); //=> {}
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10.链式调用

类的方法最后返回 this

class Person {
        constructor(name, age, tall) {
            this.name = name;
            this.age = age;
            this.tall = tall;
        }

        setName(name) {
            this.name = name;
            return this;
        }

        setAge(age) {
            this.age = age;
            return this;
        }

        setTall(tall) {
            this.tall = tall;
            return this;
        }

        save() {
            console.log(this.name, this.age, this.tall);
            return this;
        }
    }

    const myself = new Person();
    console.log(myself);
    myself.setAge(20).setName('Jack').setTall(3).save();
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11.DIV垂直均分

.father{
      display:flex;
      flex-direction: column;
      div{
            flex:1;
      }
}
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12.数组根据某个字段排序

arr.sort((a,b)=>{
	return b.LayoutPosition - a.LayoutPosition
});
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13.滑动条控制

function scrollToBottom() {
        console.log(document.getElementById('content').scrollHeight);
        const height = document.getElementById('content').scrollHeight;
        document.getElementById('content').scrollTo(0, height);
    }
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14.对0值的判断

const flag = 0;
console.log(flag === true);// false
console.log(flag || flag === 0);// true
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