retrofit源码简析

Github: retrofit 分析版本: 2851c14

Type-safe HTTP client for Android and Java

使用

定义 API

public interface GitHubService {
  @GET("users/{user}/repos")
  Call<List<Repo>> listRepos(@Path("user") String user);
}

创建 Retrofit

Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()
    .baseUrl("https://api.github.com/")
    .build();

生成 API 接口对象

GitHubService service = retrofit.create(GitHubService.class);

获取 Call

Call<List<Repo>> repos = service.listRepos("octocat");

更多

retrofit

源码

Retrofit.Builder#build()

public final class Retrofit {
  public static final class Builder {
    public Retrofit build() {
      // 请求地址
      if (baseUrl == null) {
        throw new IllegalStateException("Base URL required.");
      }

      // 若没有设置自定义的 OkHttpClient 的话,就用的默认的
      okhttp3.Call.Factory callFactory = this.callFactory;
      if (callFactory == null) {
        callFactory = new OkHttpClient();
      }

      // callbackExecutor 用于回调到UI线程
      Executor callbackExecutor = this.callbackExecutor;
      if (callbackExecutor == null) {
        callbackExecutor = platform.defaultCallbackExecutor();
      }

      // 将设置的 Call 适配器添加到列表中,比如 RxJava 的适配器
      // Make a defensive copy of the adapters and add the default Call adapter.
      List<CallAdapter.Factory> callAdapterFactories = new ArrayList<>(this.callAdapterFactories);
      callAdapterFactories.addAll(platform.defaultCallAdapterFactories(callbackExecutor));

      // Make a defensive copy of the converters.
      List<Converter.Factory> converterFactories = new ArrayList<>(
          1 + this.converterFactories.size() + platform.defaultConverterFactoriesSize());

      // 添加数据转换器,用于将网络请求返回的结果转换成我们需要的类型
      // Add the built-in converter factory first. This prevents overriding its behavior but also
      // ensures correct behavior when using converters that consume all types.
      converterFactories.add(new BuiltInConverters());
      converterFactories.addAll(this.converterFactories);
      converterFactories.addAll(platform.defaultConverterFactories());

      return new Retrofit(callFactory, baseUrl, unmodifiableList(converterFactories),
          unmodifiableList(callAdapterFactories), callbackExecutor, validateEagerly);
    }
  }
}
  • 执行具体网络请求的 callFactory,也就是 OkHttpClient
  • callbackExecutor 回调执行器,这个是用于网络请求返回后回调到主线程的
  • callAdapterFactories 适配器列表,这里面存放的是所有的 CallAdapter
  • converterFactories 返回结果转换器列表,存放的是将网络返回结果(也就是OkHttp3返回的Response)解析转换成我们需要的实际类型(例如 GsonConverterFactory)

Retrofit#create(final Class service)

public final class Retrofit {
  public <T> T create(final Class<T> service) {
    Utils.validateServiceInterface(service);
    if (validateEagerly) {
      eagerlyValidateMethods(service);
    }
    return (T) Proxy.newProxyInstance(service.getClassLoader(), new Class<?>[] { service },
        new InvocationHandler() {
          private final Platform platform = Platform.get();
          private final Object[] emptyArgs = new Object[0];

          @Override public @Nullable Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method,
              @Nullable Object[] args) throws Throwable {
            // If the method is a method from Object then defer to normal invocation.
            if (method.getDeclaringClass() == Object.class) {
              return method.invoke(this, args);
            }
            if (platform.isDefaultMethod(method)) {
              return platform.invokeDefaultMethod(method, service, proxy, args);
            }
            return loadServiceMethod(method).invoke(args != null ? args : emptyArgs);
          }
        });
  }
  
  ServiceMethod<?> loadServiceMethod(Method method) {
    ServiceMethod<?> result = serviceMethodCache.get(method);
    if (result != null) return result;

    synchronized (serviceMethodCache) {
      result = serviceMethodCache.get(method);
      if (result == null) {
        result = ServiceMethod.parseAnnotations(this, method);
        serviceMethodCache.put(method, result);
      }
    }
    return result;
  }
}
  • 如果调用的是 Object 的方法,那就直接调用
  • 如果是 Java8 的 default 方法,那就直接调用
  • 调用 loadServiceMethod() 方法返回 ServiceMethod 对象,接着调用 invoke()

创建 API 实例使用了动态代理,代理类并不是在 Java 代码中定义的,而是在运行时根据 Java 代码中的“指示”动态生成的。在这里,代理把对接口的调用转发给 InvocationHandler ,而在 InvocationHandler 的回调中可以做相关代理操作。在 loadServiceMethod() 方法中对同一个 API 只会创建一次

ServiceMethod#parseAnnotations(Retrofit retrofit, Method method)

abstract class ServiceMethod<T> {
  static <T> ServiceMethod<T> parseAnnotations(Retrofit retrofit, Method method) {
    RequestFactory requestFactory = RequestFactory.parseAnnotations(retrofit, method);

    Type returnType = method.getGenericReturnType();
    if (Utils.hasUnresolvableType(returnType)) {
      throw methodError(method,
          "Method return type must not include a type variable or wildcard: %s", returnType);
    }
    if (returnType == void.class) {
      throw methodError(method, "Service methods cannot return void.");
    }

    return HttpServiceMethod.parseAnnotations(retrofit, method, requestFactory);
  }

  abstract @Nullable T invoke(Object[] args);
}
RequestFactory.parseAnnotations()
method.getGenericReturnType()
HttpServiceMethod.parseAnnotations()

RequestFactory.parseAnnotations(Retrofit retrofit, Method method)

final class RequestFactory {
  static RequestFactory parseAnnotations(Retrofit retrofit, Method method) {
    return new Builder(retrofit, method).build();
  }
  
  RequestFactory(Builder builder) {
    method = builder.method;
    baseUrl = builder.retrofit.baseUrl;
    httpMethod = builder.httpMethod;
    relativeUrl = builder.relativeUrl;
    headers = builder.headers;
    contentType = builder.contentType;
    hasBody = builder.hasBody;
    isFormEncoded = builder.isFormEncoded;
    isMultipart = builder.isMultipart;
    parameterHandlers = builder.parameterHandlers;
    isKotlinSuspendFunction = builder.isKotlinSuspendFunction;
  }
  
  static final class Builder {
    Builder(Retrofit retrofit, Method method) {
      this.retrofit = retrofit;
      this.method = method;
      this.methodAnnotations = method.getAnnotations();
      this.parameterTypes = method.getGenericParameterTypes();
      this.parameterAnnotationsArray = method.getParameterAnnotations();
    }

    RequestFactory build() {
      for (Annotation annotation : methodAnnotations) {
        parseMethodAnnotation(annotation);
      }

      if (httpMethod == null) {
        throw methodError(method, "HTTP method annotation is required (e.g., @GET, @POST, etc.).");
      }

      if (!hasBody) {
        if (isMultipart) {
          throw methodError(method,
              "Multipart can only be specified on HTTP methods with request body (e.g., @POST).");
        }
        if (isFormEncoded) {
          throw methodError(method, "FormUrlEncoded can only be specified on HTTP methods with "
              + "request body (e.g., @POST).");
        }
      }

      int parameterCount = parameterAnnotationsArray.length;
      parameterHandlers = new ParameterHandler<?>[parameterCount];
      for (int p = 0, lastParameter = parameterCount - 1; p < parameterCount; p++) {
        parameterHandlers[p] =
            parseParameter(p, parameterTypes[p], parameterAnnotationsArray[p], p == lastParameter);
      }

      if (relativeUrl == null && !gotUrl) {
        throw methodError(method, "Missing either @%s URL or @Url parameter.", httpMethod);
      }
      if (!isFormEncoded && !isMultipart && !hasBody && gotBody) {
        throw methodError(method, "Non-body HTTP method cannot contain @Body.");
      }
      if (isFormEncoded && !gotField) {
        throw methodError(method, "Form-encoded method must contain at least one @Field.");
      }
      if (isMultipart && !gotPart) {
        throw methodError(method, "Multipart method must contain at least one @Part.");
      }

      return new RequestFactory(this);
    }
  }
}
  • 通过 parseMethodAnnotation() 来解析请求方式、Header、Multipart、FormUrlEncoded
  • 通过 parseParameter() 参数封装成 ParameterHandler ,处理参数,包括 UrlPathQueryQueryNameQueryMapHeaderHeaderMapFieldFieldMapPartPartMapBodyTag ,是构造 HTTP 请求的时候设置的参数

HttpServiceMethod#parseAnnotations(Retrofit retrofit, Method method, RequestFactory requestFactory)

abstract class HttpServiceMethod<ResponseT, ReturnT> extends ServiceMethod<ReturnT> {
  static <ResponseT, ReturnT> HttpServiceMethod<ResponseT, ReturnT> parseAnnotations(
      Retrofit retrofit, Method method, RequestFactory requestFactory) {
    boolean isKotlinSuspendFunction = requestFactory.isKotlinSuspendFunction;
    boolean continuationWantsResponse = false;
    boolean continuationBodyNullable = false;

    Annotation[] annotations = method.getAnnotations();
    Type adapterType;
    if (isKotlinSuspendFunction) {
      Type[] parameterTypes = method.getGenericParameterTypes();
      Type responseType = Utils.getParameterLowerBound(0,
          (ParameterizedType) parameterTypes[parameterTypes.length - 1]);
      if (getRawType(responseType) == Response.class && responseType instanceof ParameterizedType) {
        // Unwrap the actual body type from Response<T>.
        responseType = Utils.getParameterUpperBound(0, (ParameterizedType) responseType);
        continuationWantsResponse = true;
      } else {
        // TODO figure out if type is nullable or not
        // Metadata metadata = method.getDeclaringClass().getAnnotation(Metadata.class)
        // Find the entry for method
        // Determine if return type is nullable or not
      }

      adapterType = new Utils.ParameterizedTypeImpl(null, Call.class, responseType);
      annotations = SkipCallbackExecutorImpl.ensurePresent(annotations);
    } else {
      adapterType = method.getGenericReturnType();
    }

    // 找到该方法所需要的 CallAdapter
    CallAdapter<ResponseT, ReturnT> callAdapter =
        createCallAdapter(retrofit, method, adapterType, annotations);
    Type responseType = callAdapter.responseType();
    if (responseType == okhttp3.Response.class) {
      throw methodError(method, "'"
          + getRawType(responseType).getName()
          + "' is not a valid response body type. Did you mean ResponseBody?");
    }
    if (responseType == Response.class) {
      throw methodError(method, "Response must include generic type (e.g., Response<String>)");
    }
    // TODO support Unit for Kotlin?
    if (requestFactory.httpMethod.equals("HEAD") && !Void.class.equals(responseType)) {
      throw methodError(method, "HEAD method must use Void as response type.");
    }

    // 找到该方法需要的返回类型转换器
    Converter<ResponseBody, ResponseT> responseConverter =
        createResponseConverter(retrofit, method, responseType);

    okhttp3.Call.Factory callFactory = retrofit.callFactory;
    if (!isKotlinSuspendFunction) {
      return new CallAdapted<>(requestFactory, callFactory, responseConverter, callAdapter);
    } else if (continuationWantsResponse) {
      //noinspection unchecked Kotlin compiler guarantees ReturnT to be Object.
      return (HttpServiceMethod<ResponseT, ReturnT>) new SuspendForResponse<>(requestFactory,
          callFactory, responseConverter, (CallAdapter<ResponseT, Call<ResponseT>>) callAdapter);
    } else {
      //noinspection unchecked Kotlin compiler guarantees ReturnT to be Object.
      return (HttpServiceMethod<ResponseT, ReturnT>) new SuspendForBody<>(requestFactory,
          callFactory, responseConverter, (CallAdapter<ResponseT, Call<ResponseT>>) callAdapter,
          continuationBodyNullable);
    }
  }
  
  private static <ResponseT, ReturnT> CallAdapter<ResponseT, ReturnT> createCallAdapter(
      Retrofit retrofit, Method method, Type returnType, Annotation[] annotations) {
    try {
      //noinspection unchecked
      return (CallAdapter<ResponseT, ReturnT>) retrofit.callAdapter(returnType, annotations);
    } catch (RuntimeException e) { // Wide exception range because factories are user code.
      throw methodError(method, e, "Unable to create call adapter for %s", returnType);
    }
  }

  private static <ResponseT> Converter<ResponseBody, ResponseT> createResponseConverter(
      Retrofit retrofit, Method method, Type responseType) {
    Annotation[] annotations = method.getAnnotations();
    try {
      return retrofit.responseBodyConverter(responseType, annotations);
    } catch (RuntimeException e) { // Wide exception range because factories are user code.
      throw methodError(method, e, "Unable to create converter for %s", responseType);
    }
  }
}

callAdapterretrofit2.Call<T> 转为 TresponseConverterConverter<ResponseBody, T> 类型,负责把服务器返回的数据(JSON、XML、二进制或者其他格式)转化为 T 类型的对象。在这里确定方法的 CallAdapterResponseConverter ,在构建 Retrofit 时可以添加多个 CallAdapterResponseConverter ,而这些 CallAdapterResponseConverter 都存放在 Retrofit 的对应的列表中

HttpServiceMethod#createCallAdapter

public final class Retrofit {
  /**
   * Returns the {@link CallAdapter} for {@code returnType} from the available {@linkplain
   * #callAdapterFactories() factories}.
   *
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if no call adapter available for {@code type}.
   */
  public CallAdapter<?, ?> callAdapter(Type returnType, Annotation[] annotations) {
    return nextCallAdapter(null, returnType, annotations);
  }

  /**
   * Returns the {@link CallAdapter} for {@code returnType} from the available {@linkplain
   * #callAdapterFactories() factories} except {@code skipPast}.
   *
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if no call adapter available for {@code type}.
   */
  public CallAdapter<?, ?> nextCallAdapter(@Nullable CallAdapter.Factory skipPast, Type returnType,
      Annotation[] annotations) {
    checkNotNull(returnType, "returnType == null");
    checkNotNull(annotations, "annotations == null");

    int start = callAdapterFactories.indexOf(skipPast) + 1;
    for (int i = start, count = callAdapterFactories.size(); i < count; i++) {
      CallAdapter<?, ?> adapter = callAdapterFactories.get(i).get(returnType, annotations, this);
      if (adapter != null) {
        return adapter;
      }
    }

    StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder("Could not locate call adapter for ")
        .append(returnType)
        .append(".\n");
    if (skipPast != null) {
      builder.append("  Skipped:");
      for (int i = 0; i < start; i++) {
        builder.append("\n   * ").append(callAdapterFactories.get(i).getClass().getName());
      }
      builder.append('\n');
    }
    builder.append("  Tried:");
    for (int i = start, count = callAdapterFactories.size(); i < count; i++) {
      builder.append("\n   * ").append(callAdapterFactories.get(i).getClass().getName());
    }
    throw new IllegalArgumentException(builder.toString());
  }
}

callAdapter() 中会遍历 callAdapterFactories 列表中的 CallAdapterFactory ,并调用其 get() 方法尝试获取 CallAdapter ,这里举个 RxJava 的栗子

public final class RxJavaCallAdapterFactory extends CallAdapter.Factory {
  @Override public @Nullable CallAdapter<?, ?> get(
      Type returnType, Annotation[] annotations, Retrofit retrofit) {
    Class<?> rawType = getRawType(returnType);
    boolean isSingle = rawType == Single.class;
    boolean isCompletable = rawType == Completable.class;
    // 返回值的类型得是 Observable 或者 Single 或者 Completable
    if (rawType != Observable.class && !isSingle && !isCompletable) {
      return null;
    }

    if (isCompletable) {
      return new RxJavaCallAdapter(Void.class, scheduler, isAsync, false, true, false, true);
    }

    boolean isResult = false;
    boolean isBody = false;
    Type responseType;
    if (!(returnType instanceof ParameterizedType)) {
      String name = isSingle ? "Single" : "Observable";
      throw new IllegalStateException(name + " return type must be parameterized"
          + " as " + name + "<Foo> or " + name + "<? extends Foo>");
    }

    // 泛型参数
    Type observableType = getParameterUpperBound(0, (ParameterizedType) returnType);
    Class<?> rawObservableType = getRawType(observableType);
    if (rawObservableType == Response.class) {
      if (!(observableType instanceof ParameterizedType)) {
        throw new IllegalStateException("Response must be parameterized"
            + " as Response<Foo> or Response<? extends Foo>");
      }
      responseType = getParameterUpperBound(0, (ParameterizedType) observableType);
    } else if (rawObservableType == Result.class) {
      if (!(observableType instanceof ParameterizedType)) {
        throw new IllegalStateException("Result must be parameterized"
            + " as Result<Foo> or Result<? extends Foo>");
      }
      responseType = getParameterUpperBound(0, (ParameterizedType) observableType);
      isResult = true;
    } else {
      responseType = observableType;
      isBody = true;
    }

    return new RxJavaCallAdapter(responseType, scheduler, isAsync, isResult, isBody, isSingle,
        false);
  }
}

所以当我们接口需要的是 Observable 时,我们就需要给 Retrofit 设置 RxJava 的适配器,这样 Retrofit 在创建 ServiceMethod 时就能找到对应的 RxJava 适配器了

HttpServiceMethod#invoke(Object[] args)

abstract class HttpServiceMethod<ResponseT, ReturnT> extends ServiceMethod<ReturnT> {
  @Override final @Nullable ReturnT invoke(Object[] args) {
    Call<ResponseT> call = new OkHttpCall<>(requestFactory, args, callFactory, responseConverter);
    return adapt(call, args);
  }
  
  protected abstract @Nullable ReturnT adapt(Call<ResponseT> call, Object[] args);
}

生成 OkHttpCall 用于后面调用请求网络,然后通过 adapt() 来返回目标 Call 对象,这里举个 RxJava 的栗子

final class RxJavaCallAdapter<R> implements CallAdapter<R, Object> {
  @Override public Object adapt(Call<R> call) {
    OnSubscribe<Response<R>> callFunc = isAsync
        ? new CallEnqueueOnSubscribe<>(call)
        : new CallExecuteOnSubscribe<>(call);

    OnSubscribe<?> func;
    if (isResult) {
      func = new ResultOnSubscribe<>(callFunc);
    } else if (isBody) {
      func = new BodyOnSubscribe<>(callFunc);
    } else {
      func = callFunc;
    }
    Observable<?> observable = Observable.create(func);

    if (scheduler != null) {
      observable = observable.subscribeOn(scheduler);
    }

    if (isSingle) {
      return observable.toSingle();
    }
    if (isCompletable) {
      return observable.toCompletable();
    }
    return observable;
  }
}

这样就生成了,其中参数中的 CallOkHttpCall ,在最开始的地方通过是不是异步来生成 callFunc,分析一下:

// 异步
final class CallEnqueueOnSubscribe<T> implements OnSubscribe<Response<T>> {
  private final Call<T> originalCall;

  CallEnqueueOnSubscribe(Call<T> originalCall) {
    this.originalCall = originalCall;
  }

  @Override public void call(Subscriber<? super Response<T>> subscriber) {
    // Since Call is a one-shot type, clone it for each new subscriber.
    Call<T> call = originalCall.clone();
    final CallArbiter<T> arbiter = new CallArbiter<>(call, subscriber);
    subscriber.add(arbiter);
    subscriber.setProducer(arbiter);

    call.enqueue(new Callback<T>() {
      @Override public void onResponse(Call<T> call, Response<T> response) {
        arbiter.emitResponse(response);
      }

      @Override public void onFailure(Call<T> call, Throwable t) {
        Exceptions.throwIfFatal(t);
        arbiter.emitError(t);
      }
    });
  }
}

//同步
final class CallExecuteOnSubscribe<T> implements OnSubscribe<Response<T>> {
  private final Call<T> originalCall;

  CallExecuteOnSubscribe(Call<T> originalCall) {
    this.originalCall = originalCall;
  }

  @Override public void call(Subscriber<? super Response<T>> subscriber) {
    // Since Call is a one-shot type, clone it for each new subscriber.
    Call<T> call = originalCall.clone();
    CallArbiter<T> arbiter = new CallArbiter<>(call, subscriber);
    subscriber.add(arbiter);
    subscriber.setProducer(arbiter);

    Response<T> response;
    try {
      response = call.execute();
    } catch (Throwable t) {
      Exceptions.throwIfFatal(t);
      arbiter.emitError(t);
      return;
    }
    arbiter.emitResponse(response);
  }
}

异步执行了 Call#enqueue() ,同步执行了 Call.execute()

OkHttpCall

final class OkHttpCall<T> implements Call<T> {
  @Override public void enqueue(final Callback<T> callback) {
    checkNotNull(callback, "callback == null");

    okhttp3.Call call;
    Throwable failure;

    synchronized (this) {
      if (executed) throw new IllegalStateException("Already executed.");
      executed = true;

      call = rawCall;
      failure = creationFailure;
      if (call == null && failure == null) {
        try {
          call = rawCall = createRawCall();
        } catch (Throwable t) {
          throwIfFatal(t);
          failure = creationFailure = t;
        }
      }
    }

    if (failure != null) {
      callback.onFailure(this, failure);
      return;
    }

    if (canceled) {
      call.cancel();
    }

    call.enqueue(new okhttp3.Callback() {
      @Override public void onResponse(okhttp3.Call call, okhttp3.Response rawResponse) {
        Response<T> response;
        try {
          response = parseResponse(rawResponse);
        } catch (Throwable e) {
          throwIfFatal(e);
          callFailure(e);
          return;
        }

        try {
          callback.onResponse(OkHttpCall.this, response);
        } catch (Throwable t) {
          throwIfFatal(t);
          t.printStackTrace(); // TODO this is not great
        }
      }

      @Override public void onFailure(okhttp3.Call call, IOException e) {
        callFailure(e);
      }

      private void callFailure(Throwable e) {
        try {
          callback.onFailure(OkHttpCall.this, e);
        } catch (Throwable t) {
          throwIfFatal(t);
          t.printStackTrace(); // TODO this is not great
        }
      }
    });
  }
  
  @Override public Response<T> execute() throws IOException {
    okhttp3.Call call;

    synchronized (this) {
      if (executed) throw new IllegalStateException("Already executed.");
      executed = true;

      if (creationFailure != null) {
        if (creationFailure instanceof IOException) {
          throw (IOException) creationFailure;
        } else if (creationFailure instanceof RuntimeException) {
          throw (RuntimeException) creationFailure;
        } else {
          throw (Error) creationFailure;
        }
      }

      call = rawCall;
      if (call == null) {
        try {
          call = rawCall = createRawCall();
        } catch (IOException | RuntimeException | Error e) {
          throwIfFatal(e); //  Do not assign a fatal error to creationFailure.
          creationFailure = e;
          throw e;
        }
      }
    }

    if (canceled) {
      call.cancel();
    }

    return parseResponse(call.execute());
  }
  
  private okhttp3.Call createRawCall() throws IOException {
    okhttp3.Call call = callFactory.newCall(requestFactory.create(args));
    if (call == null) {
      throw new NullPointerException("Call.Factory returned null.");
    }
    return call;
  }
  
  Response<T> parseResponse(okhttp3.Response rawResponse) throws IOException {
    ResponseBody rawBody = rawResponse.body();

    // Remove the body's source (the only stateful object) so we can pass the response along.
    rawResponse = rawResponse.newBuilder()
        .body(new NoContentResponseBody(rawBody.contentType(), rawBody.contentLength()))
        .build();

    int code = rawResponse.code();
    if (code < 200 || code >= 300) {
      try {
        // Buffer the entire body to avoid future I/O.
        ResponseBody bufferedBody = Utils.buffer(rawBody);
        return Response.error(bufferedBody, rawResponse);
      } finally {
        rawBody.close();
      }
    }

    if (code == 204 || code == 205) {
      rawBody.close();
      return Response.success(null, rawResponse);
    }

    ExceptionCatchingResponseBody catchingBody = new ExceptionCatchingResponseBody(rawBody);
    try {
      T body = responseConverter.convert(catchingBody);
      return Response.success(body, rawResponse);
    } catch (RuntimeException e) {
      // If the underlying source threw an exception, propagate that rather than indicating it was
      // a runtime exception.
      catchingBody.throwIfCaught();
      throw e;
    }
  }
}

OkHttpCall 实现了 Call 接口,通过 enqueue(final Callback<T> callback)execute() 看出内部实现是通过 okhttp3.Call ,通过 createRawCall() 来获取,在其中通过 requestFactory.create(args) 来封装参数, callFactory.newCall(requestFactory.create(args)) 生成 okhttp3.Call ,数据返回后通过 parseResponse() 解析,通过 T body = responseConverter.convert(catchingBody) 转成想要的类型,这里以 GsonResponseBodyConverter 举栗

GsonResponseBodyConverter

final class GsonResponseBodyConverter<T> implements Converter<ResponseBody, T> {
  private final Gson gson;
  private final TypeAdapter<T> adapter;

  GsonResponseBodyConverter(Gson gson, TypeAdapter<T> adapter) {
    this.gson = gson;
    this.adapter = adapter;
  }

  @Override public T convert(ResponseBody value) throws IOException {
    JsonReader jsonReader = gson.newJsonReader(value.charStream());
    try {
      T result = adapter.read(jsonReader);
      if (jsonReader.peek() != JsonToken.END_DOCUMENT) {
        throw new JsonIOException("JSON document was not fully consumed.");
      }
      return result;
    } finally {
      value.close();
    }
  }
}

这里就是把 ResponseBody 转成了 T

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